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  1. Nor, if regularity and conformity to a standard pattern are as desirable to the scientist as the writing of his papers would appear to reflect, is management to be blamed for discriminating against the “odd balls” among researchers in favor of more conventional thinkers who “work well with the team.”
    [参考译文] 如果科学家对标准式样的整齐划一的要求就像他论文的写作所反映的一样,那么管理层就不该因歧视研究者中的”思维与众不同的人”,喜欢其中较为传统的”善于团队合作”的思想者而受到指责了。
  2. The grand mediocrity of today–everyone being the same in survival and number of off- spring–means that natural selection has lost 80% of its power in upper-middle-class India compared to the tribe.
    [参考译文] 当今人与人在很大程度上的平等–即面对自然淘汰法则人人机会均等,并且连子嗣的数目都一样–意味着和在印度土著部落中的情况相比,印度中上层阶级中已丧失了80%的自然选择中的优势。
  3. When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal.
    [参考译文] 当艺术领域的一个新运动发展成某种流行时尚时,最好应该弄清这场运动倡导者的真正意图,因为,不管他们的原则在今天看来多么牵强无理,很可能多年以后他们的理论会被视为正常。
  4. With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be even admitting that the theory on which it is based may be right–it can hardly be classed as Literature.
    [参考译文] 然而就未来主义诗歌来说,情况则不这么简单了,因为不管未来主义诗歌是什么–就算承认它赖以存在的理论基础都是正确的–这种形式也很难被归入文学。
  5. But it is a little upsetting to read in the explanatory notes that a certain line describes a fight between a Turkish and a Bulgarian officer on a bridge off which they both fall into the river–and then to find that the line consists of the noise of their falling and the weights of the officers, “Pluff! Pluff!” A hundred and eighty-five kilograms.”
    [参考译文] 但当我们先是从注释中得知某诗行讲述了一个土耳其军官和一个保 加利亚军官在桥上动手打架并双双掉进河里,而后却发现该行诗中不过只充斥着”扑通,扑通,185公斤重”这类对他们落水时的动静以及对军官们体重的描写时,我们不免感到困惑不安。
  6. The coming of age of the postwar baby boom and an entry of women into the male- domiated job market have limited the opportunities of teen-agers who are already questioning the heavy personal sacrifices involved in climbing Janpan’s rigid social ladder to good schools and jobs.
    [参考译文] 战后婴儿潮一代的步入成年以及女性打入男性主导的劳动力市场使得青少年的发展机会变得极为有限,他们已经在不停地质疑为了爬上日本国内那通往优秀学校和体面工作的严酷的社会阶梯而做出的巨大的个人牺牲。
  7. Last year Mitsuo Setoyama, who was then education minister, raised eyebrows when he argued that liberal reforms introduced by the American occupation authorities after World WarII had weakened the “Japanese morality of respect for parents”.
    [参考译文] 去年,当担任教育部长职务的濑户光夫争辩说二战后由美国占领当局引入的自由主义革新削弱了日本民族”尊敬父母的道德品质”的时候,舆论哗然。
  8. With economic growth has come centralization: fully 76 percent of Japan’s 119 million citizens live in cities where community and the extended family have been abandoned in favor of isolated, tow-generation households.
    [参考译文] 随着经济的增长,出现了集中化:全国1.19亿公民,其中整整76%的人口定居城市:在这里,原来的社区和多代同堂的大家庭已被摒弃,取而代之的是与外界疏于往来的、只由两代人组成的核心家庭。
  9. If the tradition of ambition is to have vitality, it must be widely shared; and it especially must be highly regarded by people who are themselves admired, the educated not least a-mong them.
    [参考译文] 如果野心的传统具有生命力,那么这传统必会为许多人分享;尤其会受到自己也受人仰慕的人士的青睐,在这些人中受过良好教育的可不占少数。
  10. Certainly people do not seem less interested in success and its signs now than formerly. Summer homes, European travel, BMWs–the locations, place names and name brands may change, but such items do not seem less in demand today than a decade or two years ago.
    [参考译文] 当然,人们现在对成功及其各种标志的兴趣似乎并不亚于先前。消夏 别墅、欧陆旅行、宝马车–地点、地名以及品牌或许会有变化,但这类事物在今天被人渴求的程度也似乎不会亚于一二十年前。
  11. Instead, we are treated to fine hypocritical spectacles, which now more than ever seem in ample supply: the critic of American materialism with a Southampton summer home; the publisher of radical books who takes his meals in three-star restaurants; the journalist advocating participatory democracy in all phases of life, whose own children are enrolled in private schools.
    [参考译文] 相反,我们被款待看到这样一些虚伪的壮观景象,他们似乎比以前的任何时候都更供应充足:美国式物质主义的批判者却拥有位于南安普顿的避暑山庄:激进书籍的出版商却在三星级餐厅享用一日三餐;倡导在人生各个阶段的参与民主制的记者,他的子女却就读于私立学校。
  12. No clear-cut distinction can be drawn between professional and amateurs in science: exceptions can be found to any rule. Nevertheless, the word “amateur” does carry a connotation that person concerned is not fully integrated into the scientific community and, in particular, may not share its values.
    [参考译文] 科学领域的专业人员和业余爱好者之间划不出泾渭分明的界线:因为任何规则都有例外。然而,”业余”一词的确意味着相关人员不能充分融入职业科学界,尤其未能分享科学圈子的价值。
  13. The trend was naturally most obvious in those areas of science based especially on a mathematical or laboratory training, and can be illustrated in terms of the development of geology in the United kingdom.
    [参考译文] 很自然,这种趋势会在尤以数学或实验室训练为基础的自然学科领域表现最为明显,并且可以英国的地质学发展作例证来说明。
  14. A comparison of British geological publications over the last century and a half reveals not simply an increasing emphasis on the primacy of research, but also a changing definition of what constitutes an acceptable research paper.
    [参考译文] 将过去一个半世纪英国地质学领域的出版物做一下比较,(我们)就会发现不仅对科研的主导地位的强调不断攀升,而且一篇可接受的科研论文所包含的内容的定义也有所变化。
  15. The overall result has been to make entrance to professional geological journals harder for a mateurs, a result that has been reinforced by the widespread introduction of refereeing, first by national journals in the 19th century and then by several local geological journals in the 20th century.
    [参考译文] 这样一来总的结果便是业余爱好者想在专业地质学期刊…卜发表文章就更难了,而被广泛使用的论文评审推荐制度又进一步强化了这一结果,该种制度先是出现在19世纪的国家级刊物上,后又在20世纪被几家地方级地质学刊物所使用。
  16. A rather similar process of differentiation has led to professional geologists coming together nationally within one or two specific societies, whereas the amateurs have tended either to remain in local societies or to come together nationally in a different way.
    [参考译文] 一个颇为相似的分化过程已经导致专业的地质学家走到一起组成一到两个全国性的专科学术社团,而业余地质爱好者们倾向于要么仍留在地方社团,要么也以另一种方式组成全国性机构。
  17. Sad to say, this project has turned out to be mostly low–level findings about factual errors and spelling and grammar mistakes, combined with lots of head–scratching puzzlement about what in the world those readers really want.
    [参考译文] 遗憾地讲,这次新闻机构可信度调查计划结果只获得了一些十分低层次的发现,比如新闻报道中的事实错误,拼写或语法错误(和这些低层次发现)交织在一起的还有许多令人挠头的困惑,譬如读者到底想读些什么。
  18. I believe that the most important forces behind the massive M&M wave are the same that underlie the globalization process: falling transportation and communication costs, lower trade and investment barriers and enlarged markets that require enlarged operations capable of meeting customers’ demands.
    [参考译文] 我认为巨大的并购浪潮背后的最重要的推动力同时也就是促成全球化进程的那方基石:即降低交通运输成本,逐渐减少贸易投资壁垒,以及大幅度拓展市场,这些都要求更大规模的经营管理以满足消费者需求。
  19. A lateral move that hurt my pride and blocked my professional progress promoted me to abandon my relatively high profile career although, in the manner of a disgraced government minister, I covered my exit by claiming “I wanted to spend more time with my family.”
    [参考译文] 一次侧面的不光明磊落的攻击伤害了我的自尊,阻碍了我事业的发展,使我不得不抛弃了那份引人注目的工作,尽管表面上我还要以一个蒙受屈辱的政府部长的姿态,通过声称”我只不过是想多和家人呆在一起” 来掩盖我的退出。
  20. I have discovered, as perhaps Kelsey will after her much-publicized resignation from the editorship of She after a build-up of stress, that abandoning the doctrine of “juggling your life”, and making the alternative move into “downshifting brings with it far greater rewards than financial success and social status.
    [参考译文] 或许正像凯尔西在不堪积劳重负而公开地辞去她在《她》杂志社的编辑 一职之后一样,我已经发现,放弃那种”为生活忙碌”的人生信条并转 而追求比较悠闲的生活带给你的回报远远大于经济成功和社会地位。
  21. While in America the trend started as a reaction to the economic decline-after the mass redundancies caused by downsizing in the late ‘ 80s-and is still linked to the politics of thrift, in Britain, at least among the middle-class down shifters of my acquaintance, we have different reasons for seeking to simplify our lives.
    [参考译文] 在美国,这一返朴趋势是以经济衰落的反应为开始的–那是在80年 代末期裁员而引起大量的失业之后一一现在依然与提倡节俭的政纲相关;而在英国,最起码在我所熟识的中产阶级返朴归隐者中,追求简约; 生活的原因就多种多样了。
  22. For the women of my generation who were urged to keep juggling through the’ 80s, down-shifting in the mid’ 90s is not so much a search for the mythical good lift-growing your own organic vegetables, and risking turning into one-as a personal recognition of your limitations.
    [参考译文] 对于我这一代曾在整个80年代为生活奔波的女人来说,90年代中期出 现的归隐恬退与其说是我们寻求一种神话般的美好生活–用有机肥种植蔬菜,并且自己放弃一切的风险–不如说是我们清醒地认识到自身;能力是有限的这一事实。
  23. If you are part of the group which you are addressing, you will be in a position to know the experiences and problems which are common to all of you and it’ 11 be appropriate for you to make a passing remark about the inedible canteen food or the chairman’ s notorious bad taste in ties.
    [参考译文] 如果你是你讲话对象中的一员,那么你就身处一种(有利)位置宋了解对你们来说都很普遍的经历和问题,而且你对餐厅中难以下咽的食物或老总臭名昭彰的领带品位进行随意评判也是合适的。
  24. There are already robot systems that can perform some kinds of brain and bone surgery with submillimeter accuracy–far greater precision than highly skilled physicians can achieve with their handsaone
    [参考译文] 现在已有一些机器人系统能够进行精确到毫米以下的脑部和骨骼手术——这要比极具技巧的医生单单用手精确得多。
  25. But if robots are to reach the next stage of laborsaving utility, they will have to operate with less human supervision and be able to make at least’ a few decisions for them- selves-goals that pose a real challenge.
    [参考译文] 但是如果机器人要达到节省人工的下一个阶段,它们将必须在更少的人力监督之下工作,而且还要能够自己作出至少几个决定–这些目标才会引发真正的挑战。
  26. But the human mind can glimpse a rapidly changing scene and immediately disregard the 98 percent that is irrelevant, instantaneously focusing on the monkey at the side of a winding forest road or the single suspicious face in a big crowd.
    [参考译文] 但是人类的头脑可以只迅速地瞟一眼一个快速改变的场面,然后立刻放弃98%的不相关部分,而马上聚焦于一条崎岖森林道路边的一只猴子,或者在茫茫人海中的一张可疑的脸。
  27. The OECD estimates in its latest Economic Outlook that, if oil prices averaged $22 a barrel for a full year, compared with $13 in 1998, this would increase the oil import bill in rich economies by only 0.25—0.5% of GDP.
    [参考译文] OECD在其最近的《经济瞭望》中估计,如果石油价格与1998年的每 桶13美元相比在一年中平均为每22美元,这也只会给富裕的经济体的 石油进口账单上增加GDP的0.25%到0.5%。
  28. One more reason not to lose sleep over the rise in oil prices is that, unlike the rises in the 1970s, it has not occurred against the background of general commodity-price inflation and global excess demand.
    [参考译文] 另外一个不应因油价上涨而失眠的原因是,这次不像70年代的那些次上涨,它并不是在普遍的商品价格暴涨和全球需求过旺的背景之下发生的。
  29. Although it ruled that there is no constitutional right to physician-assisted suicide, the Court in effect supported the medical principle of “double effect”, a centuries-old moral principle holding that an action having two effects–a good one that is intended and a harmful one that is foreseen–is permissible if the actor intends only the good effect.
    [参考译文] 尽管它裁决并没有宪法权利来支持医生帮助下的自杀行为,最高法院实际上支持了被称为”双重效果”的医疗原则;这个已有几个世纪历史的道德原则认为一个可能有两个效果的行为–一个想要达到的好的效果和一个已经预见到的有害的效果是被允许的,如果行为的实施者想要的 只是好的效果的话。
  30. Nancy Dubler, director of Montefiore Medical Center, contends that the principle will shield doctors who “until now have very, very strongly insisted that they could not give patients sufficient mediation to control their pain if that might hasten death.”
    [参考译文] Nancy Dubler,Montehore医疗中心的主任,认为这一原则将会保护这样一些医生,他们到目前为止还强烈坚持他们不能够给病人足量的镇痛剂来控制他们的疼痛,如果这么做会加速他们的死亡的话。
  31. On another level, many in the medical community acknowledge that the assisted–suicide debate has been fueled in part by the despair of patients for whom modern medicine has prolonged the physical agony of dying.
    [参考译文] 在另一个层面上,很多医疗界的人承认,关于医生帮助下的自杀的讨论部分是因为病人的绝望情绪,对他们来说,现代医学已经延长了死亡的身体痛苦。
  32. It identifies the undertreatment of pain and the aggressive use of “ineffectual and forced medical procedures that may prolong and even dishonor the period of dying” as the twin problems of end–of–life care.
    [参考译文] 它把对疼痛的治疗不足和盲目积极使用”有可能延长死亡时间甚至让死亡过程蒙羞的无效并且强迫性的医疗手段”视为生命临终医护的两个问题。
  33. In other words, there is a conventional story line in the newsroom culture that provides a backbone and a ready-made narrative structure for otherwise confusing new.
    [参考译文] 换句话说,在媒介机构的新闻采编室文化中存在着–套约定俗成的写作模式,为新闻报道提供了主干框架以及可直接套用的叙述结构。若没有这些,新闻内容就会一团混乱,让人摸不着头脑。
  34. If it did, it would open up its diversity program, now focused narrowly on race and gender, and look for reporters who differ broadly by outlook, values, education, and class.
    [参考译文] 如果新闻界真的注意到了问题的关键,它就应该进一步开放其多样化项目,这个项目现在还只单纯考虑招收不同种族和性别的员工,而进一步寻找那些世界观、价值观、教育水平和社会阶层大相径庭的各种记者。




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