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新概念英语 2 Lesson 3 Please Send Me a Card

新概念英语 2 Lesson 3   Please Send Me a Card 1

新概念英语 2 Lesson 3 Please Send Me a Card

【New words and expressions】(11)

★send    v. 寄, 送

send sth. to sb. /send sb. sth.  给某人送(寄)东西

send/take children to school:take强调某人亲自送;send则是通过第三人去送, 如美国的校车

take flowers to his wife 自己送

send flowers to his wife 叫店里的人送

★postcard    n. 明信片

两个爆破音在一起,前者失去爆破音。这里/t/和/k/前者失去爆破音

name card /visiting card   名片

Here is my name card. (口语常用, 同时伴随着递出的动作) ID card   身份证    (ID  身份)

credit card  信用卡

cash card  现金卡储蓄卡工资卡(不能透支)

★spoil(spoiled,spoilt)   v. 使索然无味, 损坏

① vt. 弄坏,损坏,糟蹋  The rain spoiled the school sports.   ② vt. 宠坏,惯坏,溺爱

Don’t spoil your children.  不能太惯孩子。

spoil: 把东西质量变差; 生活中不顺心的事;宠坏, 溺爱;break: 打破; break the windows 打破玻璃

damage: 破坏, 程度不一定很重

destroy : 破坏, 彻底摧毁

以上三个指物理上的破坏;spoil主要指精神上的

★museum   n. 博物馆Palace Museum  故宫

★public    adj. 公共的

① adj. 公共的,公众的,社会的

There is a public library in this town.

I always sit in public gardens on Sundays.

② adj. 公开的,众人皆知的

Their secret meeting was made public 20 years later.

public house(酒吧简称pub public place 公共场所

in public   公开的;in private   私下里的

Let’s have a conversation in private.让我们私下谈谈?–Why not have a conversation in public?   为什么不公开谈呢?(当面说呢?)

③ n. 公众,群众,大众

The public is/are pleased with his explanation. 公The museum is open to the public on Sunday.

★friendly    adj. 友好的

friendly是形容词,单独使用时一般做定语;作状语表人做什么事情很友好, 用短语in a friendly way

He always greets me in a friendly way.

以-ly结尾的形容词还有lovely,brotherly,fatherly,manly,motherly

★waiter    n. 服务员, 招待员

waiter(男服务员), waitress(女服务员), 只出现在餐馆里chief waiter   领班

shop assistant    商店里的店员

attendant     n. (其他公共场所的)服务员

★lend    v. 借给

lend to(借出):lend sth. to sb/lend sb. sth.

borrow from(借进):borrow sth. from sb./borrow sth. (borrow不能用 borrow sb sth.)

He borrowed my pen yesterday.

★decision    n. 决定

make /take a decision作出决定

It was not easy for me to make/take this decision.

make a big/great decision (big:重大;great:伟大, 更重大)  decide    v. 决定

★whole   adj. 整个的

a whole bottle of milk  一整瓶牛奶

the whole…,the whole day  整天 ,two whole weeks  整整两星期

all th…,all the day (the可省略)  整天

all of后面如果加代词, 代词前面不需要修饰词;一旦要加名词, 前面一定要加the

all of us;all of the students

★single adj. 唯一的, 单一的反义词double 双倍的

【课文讲解】

1、Last summer, I went to Italy.

last:① adj. 上一个last summer

② adj. 最后一个,表示“最后一个”时要加冠词the

the last day  最后一天  (具体到一天及一天的早中晚都要用on)

2、A friendly waiter taught me a few words of Italian.

Italian于Italy 注意重读音的位置不同

teach sb. sth. 教某人做某事

He teaches our English.(错)He teaches us English.(对)

语言不可数, 所以要用a little Italian或a few words of Italian

I can speak a little English/a few words of English.

a few可与复数可数名词连用,表示肯定,含有some,a small number of(一些,少数几个)的意思。

The police would like to ask him a few questions.   警察要问他一些问题。

3、Every day I thought about postcards.

think about/of  考虑, 思考,指某一段时间一直在想/考虑某事, think of还可指想到

What do you think of TV program last night?

think over   仔细考虑,反复思考

What’s the weather like today?

cold, chilly(非常非常冷), freeze

I’ll freeze.我要冻僵了

4、I spent the whole day in my room, but I did not write a single card!

spend与表示时间的词或短语连和时,意思为“花(时间)”、“度过”. spend+时间+地点 : 在什么地点我花费/度过了多少时间

I spend three hours in the sea.

I spend my weekend at my mother’s.

I spend a lot of time in traffic jam.(交通堵塞)

spend还可以表示“花钱”

I can’t spend any more on this car.

【Key structures】 

一般过去时

一般过去时通常表示过去发生的而现在已经结束的事件、动作或情况。它通常指动作何时发生,而不指动作持续多久。

Do you ever catch a cold in the winter?

Yes, I caught a cold last winter.

【Special Difficulties】

直接宾语与间接宾语

双宾语:直接宾语(表示动作结果,动作所涉及的事物)和间接宾语(动作目标,动作是谁做的或为谁做的,通常是人)。间接宾语大多数情况下置于直接宾语之前,如果间接宾语在后,间接宾主前必须加“to”(表示动作对什么人做)或“for”(表示动作为什么人而做)。give sb. sth./give sth to sb

间接宾语在后面时, 其前必须加to(对……而言)或for(为……而做)。可以翻译为“给”、“替”、“为”的,就用for;如果只能翻译为“给”的, 就用to

与to相连的give, take, pass, read, sell, buy,pay,hand,bring,show,promise,offer,owe

take flowers to my wife.

与for相连的  buy, order, make, find

I buy a book for you ./make a cake for you

find sth. for sb./do sb. a favor 帮某人一个忙

Do me a favor please./Do a favor for me?  帮我个忙

Can I order something for you?

Can I buy you a bottle of beer ?我请你喝杯酒的意思

【Multiple choice questions】

4  ___a___ him a few words of Italian? The waiter.

  1. Who taught b. Who did teach
  2. What did he teach d. Whom did he teach

人做主语提问——who    对宾语提问——whom

who既可以对主语提问也可以对宾语提问, 而whom只能对宾语提问如果对主语提问, 则句子的语序和陈述句语序一样;如果对非主语来提问, 则句子要使用特殊疑问词+一般疑问句的语序

7  He spent the whole day in his room. He was in his room ___c___ day.

  1. the hole  b. the all      c. all     d. all of

all (the) day

all of 后面如果加代词, 代词前面不需要修饰词all of us;一旦要加名词, 前面一定要加the

all of the friends  all of my friends  all of the students

11  He made a big decision. He ___b___ .

  1. thought about it b. made up his mind
  2. changed his mind d. made a wish

think about:考虑、思考、想  make up one’s mind:下定决心change one’s mind:改变主意  make a wish : 许个心愿, 愿望, 许愿


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