• "英语学习之家yaenglish"微信公众号会同步本站的文章,大家可以关注公众号便于手机上学习

裕兴新概念英语第二册第7课笔记(与视频对应)

裕兴新概念英语第二册第7课笔记

 

裕兴新概念英语第二册第7课笔记(与视频对应)

Lesson 7    Too late

【New words and expressions】(13)

★detective   n. 侦探detective story    侦探小说

★airport     n. 机场

★airfield    n. 飞机起落的场地

port   港口;airport  航空港at the airport 在机场

field 田野;airfield 停机坪on the airfield在停机坪上★expect     v. 期待, 等待

① vt.&vi. 预计,预料

Jim has failed in mathematics as his teacher expected.

正如他老师所预料的那样,吉姆数学考试没及格。

② vt. 等待,期待,盼望(心理上的等待)

They are expecting guests tonight. 今晚有人要去他们那里作客。

expect所表示的等待一般暗含着根据某些信息或规律而作出相应反应的意思,而wait for主要接续“等待”这个动作本身。

expect sth.I expect a letter from Jimmy.

expect sb.to do sth.   期待某人做某事

I expect you to write back.

wait for sth./sb.  动作上的等待I wait for my mother.

③ vt. 认为,猜想(一般用于口语)

I expect so./I think so.   我希望如此[口语]

I expect you’ve heard the news. 我想你已经听到这个消息了。

★valuable  adj. 贵重的★precious   adj. 珍贵的

value   n.&v. 价值;valuable   adj.有价值的

sth.is valuable/sth.is precious

precious   adj. 珍贵的(带有一定的感情色彩)

precious photo   珍贵的照片

-less 表否定;

priceless    adj. 没有价格的, 无价的

valueless    adj. 没有价值, 不足道的

worthless    adj. 无价值的

★diamond    n. 钻石diamond ring   钻石戒指

precious stone  宝石;crystal  水晶;jade  玉

★steal(stole,stolen)   v. 偷

① vt.&vi. 偷盗,行窃

英语中“偷”用steal和rob来表达,宾语是物,用steal;宾语是人,用rob;跟地点相连,也用rob

steal sth. 偷(某物)My wallet was stolen.

rob sb. 抢(某人) rob the bank

② vt. 巧妙地占用,偷偷地弄到手

He has stolen away Mary’s heart. 他已赢得玛丽的芳心。③ vi. 偷偷地行动,悄悄靠近

He stole into the room.  他悄悄地进了房间。

★main    adj. 主要的

main building;main street;main sentence;main idea

main不能与人连用

★guard     n. 警戒, 守卫

life guard    救生员/body guard    保镖

keep guard    守望,警戒

They kept a close guard over the thieves.  他们对小偷们严加看管。stand guard  站岗,放哨

【课文讲解】

1、The plane was late and detectives were waiting at the airport all morning.

all一般直接加表示时间的单数名词构成副词短语,如:all day,all night,all week,all winter,all year等。但不说all hour。

whole在表达同样的意思时一般要加冠词或数词,如a whole day/year,two whole weeks。

all morning=all the morning

detectives 没有强调一些侦探或者那些侦探, 强调侦探这种人,笼统感念, 可不加some, the

2、A few hours earlier, someone had told the police that thieves would try to steal the diamonds.

a few hours earlier 几个小时以前

= a few hours before/a few hours ago

would +do 过去将来时,间接方式, 转述, 站在过去看未来

3、When the plane arrived, some of the detectives were waiting inside the main building while others were waiting on the airfield.

代词others常常和some连用,表示“有些(人)……,也有些(人)……”或“有的……,其余的……”

one…the other…   一个……另一个……

some…others…    一些……另一些……

Some students are very hard-working, others are not.

others=other+名词复数

5、Two men took the parcel off the plane and carried it into the Customs House.

take sth. off…=take sth. away from…

and carried it into…carried 表示看得很重

Customs House 海关

6、While two detectives were keeping guard at the door, two others opened the parcel. To their surprise, the precious parcel was full of stones and sand!

…were keeping guard at the door, two others opened the parcel.

表面上是分工, 两个动作同时发生, 不是同时开始同时结束, 延续时间不一致, 长一点时间的动作用进行时态, 短时间的动作用过去时.

When someone knocked at the door, I was having dinner.

keep guard守卫

They kept a close guard over the thieves.

at the door   在门边(固定搭配)

two others=two other detectives

to one’s surprise,让某人惊讶的是

To one’s +表情绪名词to one’s joy/to one’s excitement

be full of …装满My bag was full of books.

【Key structures】 

过去进行时

过去进行时的构成:be的过去式+现在分词

过去进行时和一般过去时经常同在一个句子里使用。过去进行时表示过去正在进行的动作或情况,一般过去时则表示比较短暂的动作或事件。正在进行中的动作或情况往往由连词when,while,as,just as等引导。

when,while    当……时候(强调动作同时发生)

while+从句, 动词一定是延续性动词

when+延续性动词/瞬间动词

while能用when代替,但是when却不一定能用while代替。while通常只引导持续时间较长的动作,并且主句和从句可以同时用过去进行时,而when和as一般不这么用。

John was watching TV while his wife was talking with a neighbour over the phone.

Just as I was leaving the house, you came in.

when也可引导较短暂的动作,while和as一般不行。

We were having supper when the lights went out.

过去进行时往往与表示一段时间的状语连用,如all morning,all night,all day,all evening,the whole week等,表示这段时间一直在干什么。

What were you doing all evening? I couldn’t find you anywhere.

过去动作同时发生的时态

① 过去两个动作同时发生, 习惯上一个用一般过去时, 另一个用过去进行时;动作长用过去进行时, 动作短用一般过去时; 分工的情况, 动作的开始时间和结束时间几乎相同, 均用过去进行时;

I was listening to the radio, my sister was dancing.

When my mother was doing the housework, my father was watching TV.

② 两个动作在同时段进行, 在不同时间结束, 先发生的动作未结束, 另一个动作发生, 先发生的动作用进行时态, 另一个动作用过去时.

When I was opening the door, the telephone rang.先开门/When the telephone was ringing, I opened the door. 电话先响

③ 瞬间动词(如:arrive)没有进行时态, 所以两个动作同时发生, 延续性动词用进行时态, 瞬间动词使用过去时态.

When he arrived, I was having dinner.

I am arriving 进行时态表示将要

【Special Difficulties】

短语动词中的小品词

许多动词加上介词或副词后就会改变词义,这些介词和副词通常被称为小品词。它们没有词形的变化。有些小品词既可以作介词又可以作副词。判断一个小品词是副词还是介词要看小品词有没有带宾语。有宾语的是介词,没有宾语的是副词,介词的位置相对固定,不能变动。

① vi.&vt.+ prep./adv.+宾语(n.)

She is walking up the hill.

② vt.+宾语(n./pron.)+adv.

take off the coat =take the coat off =take it off

put on your shoes =put your shoes on =put them on

I always take money with me.我身上总带些钱

【Multiple choice questions】

9  The parcel was valuable. It was ___c___ .

  1. worth b. worthy c. precious d. value

valuable= precious   value    n. 价值

worth    v. 值得……,后面一定要加词

something is worth…

The book is worth reading.   (动名词)

The book is worth three dollars.

worthy     adj. 有价值的

be worthy of…     值得……

This book is worthy of being read [to be read]. acts worthy of punishment  应该受处分的行为

worthless    adj. 无价值的

something is worthless(后面不加任何东西)


所有文章资源及图片除作者原创外均来自网络,仅供学习交流使用 , 如有侵权请联系博主删除丨
整理不易,转载请注明原文链接:裕兴新概念英语第二册第7课笔记(与视频对应)
喜欢 (0)
发表我的评论
取消评论
表情 贴图 加粗 删除线 居中 斜体 签到

Hi,您需要填写昵称和邮箱!

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址