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裕兴新概念英语第一册笔记 Lesson 31

裕兴新概念英语第一册笔记 Lesson 31

裕兴新概念英语第一册笔记 Lesson 31  Where’s sally?

裕兴新概念英语第一册笔记 Lesson 31  Where’s sally? 听力音频

Lesson 31 Where’s sally?

 

语音 — 不完全爆破

英语中的爆破音与摩擦音和破擦音连在一起时,前面的爆破音

 

常常不发生不完全爆破。爆破音与鼻辅音连在一起也形成不完全

爆破。所谓不完全爆破指的是只作发爆破音的口形,但气流并不

出来,也就是说只有短暂的停顿,而不发音。

picture

advice

active

September

big gun

that time

take care

keep quiet

good morning

good night

take three pills a day

keep silent

 

New words and expressions

garden     n. 花园

under      prep.在…之下

tree      n. 树

climb      v. 爬,攀登

who      pron.谁

run      v.跑

grass      n. 草,草地

after      prep.在…之后

 

across     prep. 横过,穿过

cat      n.猫

garden n.花园(自家花园)

park n.公园(公共地方)

There is a garden behind the house.

在房子的后面有一个花园。

My home is near the park.

我家靠近公园。

under prep.在…之下

There is a pair of shoes under the bed.

在床的下面有一双鞋。

Those shoes are under the bed.

tree n.树

an apple tree  一棵苹果树

clothes tree  挂衣架

climb the tree  爬树

climb   v.爬,攀登

b 哑音

climb the tree

Don’t climb the tree. 不要爬树。

climb the hill.

who pron.谁(引导疑问句)

Who’s there? 谁在那?

Who is your teacher? 谁是你的教师。

Who’s that? 谁呀。

run v.跑

He is running fast. 他正飞快的跑着。

grass   n.草,草地

on the grass  在草地上

after  prep.在…之后

run after 追逐…

A dog is running after a cat. 一只狗正在追一只猫。

After beauty.

After age.

across prep.横过,穿过

run across 跑着横穿过

A girl is running across the grass.

一个女孩跑着横穿过草地。

swim across the river   横着游过这条江

walk across the street  横穿街道

through 穿过(在物体内部穿过)

walk through  走着穿越

walk through the forest  步行穿过森林

cat n.猫

Who let the cat out of the bag?

Don’t let the cat out of the bag.

rain cats and dogs : rain heavily

Like a cat on hot bricks. 热锅上的蚂蚁。

 

Grammar — present continuous tense 现在进行时

构成: be + doing (do 表示实义动词)

用途:

1)此时此刻正在进行或发生的动作,时间状语一般用 now, at the moment。

Jane is reading a book now. 简正在读一本书。

My father is watching TV at the moment.

我的爸爸正在看电视。

2)现阶段的一段时间正在进行或发生的动作,但说话的此刻,动

作不一定正在进行看,时间状语通常是 recently, these days。– What are you doing recently?      你最近忙些什么?

— I am studying English at a school. 我目前在学校学英语。eg. He is making the plan these days.

这段时间他一直忙着他的计划书。

3)现在进行时后面加一个表示将来的时间状语,比如,tomorrow, soon 等等,就可以表示将来的一种打算。

I am seeing my friend this afternoon.

今天下午我要去见我的朋友。

结构;be+ v. + ing

be 随人称变化(am, is, are)

1) She is reading a newspaper now.   她正在读报纸。

2) His brother is climbing the tree. 他弟弟正在爬树。

3) They are watching TV.      他们正在看电视。

4)I am putting on my coat.   我正在穿外套。

5) We are looking at the cat. 我们在看那只猫。

疑问句把系动词提前

1)— Is she reading a newspaper?

— Yes, she is.

No, she isn’t.

2)— Is his brother climbing the tree?

— Yes, he is.

No, he isn’t.

3)— Are they watching TV?

— Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

4)— Are you putting on your coat?

— Yes, I am.

No, I’m not.

否定句在系动词后面加 not

1) She is not reading a newspaper.

2) His brother isn’t climbing the tree.

3) They aren’t watching TV.

4)I’m not putting on my coat.

5) We are not looking at the cat.

动词 + ing 的规则

v.+ ing

climb    climbing

sweep    sweeping

dust     dusting

read     reading

以辅音字母加不发音的-e 结尾的单词,把”e”去掉加 ing。

make     making

shine     shining

shave      shaving

take      taking

1.以重读闭音节结尾并且词尾只有一个辅音字母的单词,双写最

后一个辅音字母,再加-ing。

三个条件;

1) 必须是以闭音节结尾

(如 break, speed, slow 就不可双写)

2)  结尾的音节必须是重读音节

(water 不可双写)

3) 词尾只能有一个辅音字母

(push 不可双写)

put     putting

sit     sitting

begin    beginning

run     running

get     getting

 

Text

Where is Sally?

question:

Where is sally?

Where is Tim?

What is Tim doing?

What is the dog doing?

A: Where’s Sally, Jack?

B: She’s in the garden, Jean.

A: What’s she doing?

B: She’s sitting under the tree.

Sally 在哪?

Where’s = Where is

她在花园里。

—  Where is Sally?

—  Sally is in the garden.

她在做什么。

What’s = what is

What’s he doing?

What are they doing?

What are you doing?

What are we doing?

What am I doing?

她正坐在树下。

sit  sitting

be doing  is sitting

under the tree 在树下

A: Is Tim in the garden, too? 

B: Yes, he is.

He’s climbing the tree.

Tim 也在花园吗?

否定句

Tim isn’t in the garden, either.

是的,他在花园里。

他正在爬树。

— Where is Tim?

— Tim is in the garden, too.

— What is Tim doing?

— Tim is climbing the tree.

He’s = He is

A: I beg your pardon?

Who’s climbing the tree?

B: Tim is.

请再说一遍。

谁在爬树。

who 引导特殊疑问句

Who is running? 谁在跑?

Who is sitting under the tree? 谁坐在树下?

是 Tim 在爬树。

Tim is (climbing the tree).

— Who is your teacher?

— Wendy is (our teacher).

A: What about the dog?

B: The dog’s in the garden, too. 

It’s running across the grass.

It’s running after a cat.

那么狗呢?

What about + n./(v. + ing)?

那…怎么样?

What about = How about

about 是介词,后面必须加名词或具有名词性的词。

— Would you like some coffee?

想喝点咖啡吗。

— No, thank you. 不,谢谢。

— What about some milk?  那么牛奶怎么样。

What about 电 inking some milk? 那么喝点牛奶怎么样?

狗也在花园里。 run  running

它正在草地上跑。

across 在表面上横着穿过

They are running across the street. 他们横着跑过街道。

swim  swiming

She is swimming across the river。她正在横着游过江。

 

 

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裕兴新概念英语第一册笔记 Lesson 31 1


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