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刘毅10000词汇学习笔记(一)

刘毅10000词汇学习笔记(一)刘毅10000词汇学习笔记(一)

刘毅10000词汇学习笔记 lesson 11

1.abdomen:part of the body below the chest and diaphragm,containing the stomach. 腹部
abdominal(adj) 腹部的 an abdominal operation 腹部手术

belly(口)front of the human body from the waist to the groin;belly 肚子,胃
with an empty belly 空着肚子
in the belly of a ship 在船腹里
belly out(动词用法):鼓涨,凸出The wind bellied out the sails
2.bereave使某人丧失(尤指亲属) bereave sb of sb an accident which bereaved him of his wife 使他丧失妻子的事故
the bereaved husband 死了妻子的男人
the bereaved 丧失亲人的人
bereavement(n):丧亲之痛,丧失亲人

deprivetake sth away from sb;prevent sb from enjoying or using sth 剥夺sb/sth的sth;阻止某人享有或使用sth
deprive sb/sth of sth
deprive of one’s civil rights 剥夺某人的公民权
deprivation(n):剥夺;贫困;被剥夺的事物
widespread deprivation 普遍贫困
Missing the holiday was a great deprivation.错失假日是极大的损失。
deprived(adj):贫困的,穷苦的 deprived childhood 贫苦的童年
3consecratedevote sth/sb to or reserve sth/sb for a special (esp religious) purpose 把sth/sb 献给sth/sb做某种(尤其宗教)用途 consecrate sth/sb to sth
consecrate one’s life to the service of God,to the relief of suffering 献身于为神服务(解除世人痛苦)的事业

devotegive one’s time,energy to sth/sb; dedicate 为某人付出,向某人奉献,献身于 devote oneself/sth to sb/sth
devoted(adj):热爱的,非常忠实的,全心全意的 a devoted son 孝子
She is devoted to her children. 她深爱她的孩子。
devotee(n):献身于某事物的人,热心者,某事物的迷恋者;某一宗派的拥护者 a devotee of sport
devotion(n): devotion to sth/sb 深爱,忠心,忠诚
4.evoke:bring to mind(a feeling,memory) 引起或唤起情感,记忆
produce or cause(a response ,reaction) 产生或引起(回应,反应)
evocation(n):

invokeuse as a reason for one’s action 援用(sth)为行动依据或理由
beg for sth by praying 以祷告祈求某事物
The government has invoked the Official Secrets Act in having thebook banned.政府援引国家机密保密法以禁该书。
invocation(n): invocation to sb 求助于神或法律
5。groove:沟,槽,纹
习语:get into a groove 养成某种生活习惯

furrow:犁沟,垄沟
(v)(尤用被动语态)犁,使起皱纹
newly furrowed fields 刚犁过的田地
6。jolt:(使某人某物)颠簸着移动
The old bus jolted along 旧公共汽车颠簸而行
jolt sb into/out of sth:使某人受到震惊而采取某种行动
He was jolted out of his lethargy and into action when he realized he had only a short time to finish the article.他意识到须在很短的时间里就得把文章写完,立即振作精神写起来。

joggle:使某人/某物轻轻摇动
7obsolete不再使用的,过时的

antiquated:(通常做贬义)过时的,废弃的
8prowl小心的悄悄移动;悄悄行经(某处);~ about/around 徘徊
wild animals prowling in the forest 在森林里轻轻行走的野兽
I could hear him prowling around in his bedroom all night.我听到他整夜在卧室里踱来踱去。

rove漂泊,流浪,漫游
bands of hooligans roving round the streets 成群结伙在街上游荡的流氓
习语:have a roving eye 时刻寻找着调情或做风流事的机会
9scoop用铲、勺挖
scoop sth out \up 铲出,挖出

shovel用铲铲进 shovel sth into
10.status地位 身份 职位

situation状况,处境,局面,形势 位置
situation comedy 情景喜剧
11.:sue对某人提起诉讼,控告某人 sue sb for sth 控告某人要求sth
If you don’t complete the work, I will sue you for damages.如果你不把工作做完,我就要控告你支付赔偿。
sue for sth (常用于法庭上)请求 sue for peace 请求和解

indict:(就某事)控告,起诉或告发某人 indict sb for sth
He was indicted for murder.他被控杀人。

 

 

刘毅10000词汇学习笔记 lesson 12

bandit: member of a gang of armed robbers 土匪 强盗
banditry(n):盗匪行径

brigand:(旧)土匪,强盗(尤指在山林中抢劫旅客的)
commemorate :keep a great person or event in people‘s memories 纪念(伟人,大事件等);指(雕像,纪念碑等)作为对某人某事的纪念
We commemorate the founding of our nation with a public holiday。我们放假一天以庆祝国庆。
This memorial commemorates those who died in the war。这座纪念碑是纪念战争中的牺牲者的。

celebrate:mark (a hapy or important day,event)with festivities and rejoicing 庆祝,祝贺
celebrated(adj):著名的,驰名的
defile:(文或修辞)make sth dirty or impure 使某物肮脏或不纯
rivers defiled by pollution 受污染的河流
(特) march in single file or a narrow column 指部队单行或纵队前进
defilement(n):污损,弄脏

infect:(尤用于被动语态)使某人/某物传染,感染,污染某人/某物 infect sb/sth with
The laboratory animals had been infected with the bacteria。实验室的动物都已受到这种细菌的感染。
infection(n):~ with sth 传染,感染 the infection of the body with bacteria 身体受细菌侵染。
deviation:(~ from sth ) not following the normal or expected course、plan 偏离正常或原定的路线,计划 ;偏差
deviation from the rules 违背规则
deviate(v):(~ from sth )偏离路线,标准;背离
deviationism(n):政治上的离经叛道

delegate:(~ sb to sth )挑选或委派某人作代表;挑选或委派某人执行;将(权利、职责)委托给下级,授权给;
delegate sb to a conference 委托某人作代表出席会议
The new manager was delegated toreorganize the department。派这位新经理重新组织该部门。
The job had to be delegated to an assistant。这项工作得交给助手去做。
delegation(n):代表,委托
fortitude:(在痛苦、危险或困难面前表现出的)勇气、坚韧和自制力
He bore the pain with great fortitude。他以极大得毅力忍受了痛苦。

endurance:忍耐力
He showed remarkable endurance throughout his illness。他生病得整个过程都表现出非凡的忍耐力。
(特)endurance 作定语 endurance test 耐力测验
endurable(adj)可忍耐的,可容忍的
enduring(adj)持续的,持久的
inconsolable:that cannot be comforted 不能安慰的,无法慰藉的
The children were inconsolable when their father died。这些孩子因为丧父而悲伤不已。
console sb on/for sth 安慰,慰问某人 Nothing could console him when his pet died。
consolatory(adj):安慰的,慰问的

depress(v):make sb sad and without enthusiasm 使某人忧愁、消沉、沮丧;将某物压下,推下,拉下;(尤指贸易)不活跃,不景气
Wet weather always depresses me。我在阴雨天总是心灰意懒。
depress a piano key 按下钢琴键
depress sales 使销售额下降
depressed(adj):忧愁的,沮丧的,消沉的
depressing(adj):令人忧愁的,使人沮丧的
nibble:(~ at sth)小口咬某物,轻咬;对(好意,提议)谨慎的表示有意接受
fish nibbling (at) the bait 鱼轻咬鱼饵
He nibbled at my idea, but would not make a definite decision。他对我的想法颇感兴趣,但不做出决定。

bite:(~ into sth) 咬某人(某物)
She bit into the apple。她咬了一口苹果。
pageant:盛装的游行,露天演出的历史剧;壮丽的场面,伟观
pageantry(n):壮丽的展示,盛况

exhibition:展览,展览会
(习语)make an exhibition of oneself(贬)当中出丑,出洋相
scourge:(用以打人的)鞭子;(比喻)引起灾害的事物或人
(v)鞭打
The new boss was the scourge of the inefficient。新老板来了以后,不称职的人就遭殃。

disaster:灾难,灾祸;失败;(口语)彻底失败的人或事物
As a teacher, he is a disaster。他是个很糟糕的教师。
disastrous(adj):灾难性的,造成灾害的,失败的
tumble:使某人倒下或坠落(尤指身不由己或猛劲儿),但通常并无重伤
tumble down the stairs 从楼梯上摔下

fall:落下,跌落
fall down/over :倒下(尤指突然间),倒塌
fall away/off 向下倾斜
fall into sth 进入某种状态,变成

 

 

刘毅10000词汇学习笔记 lesson 13

 

1afflict:(v 通常用于被动语态)使某人某物苦恼、疼痛或悲伤 ~ sb/sth with sth
Severe drought has afflicted the countryside。严重的干旱使乡村深受其害。
She is afflicted with(suffers from)arthritis。她患关节炎。
affliction(n)疼痛,折磨,悲痛;造成痛苦的事物 help people in affliction 帮助受苦的人

distress:(通常用于被动语态)给某人某物带来痛苦,悲伤,苦难,贫困,困苦,危难等
(n)极大的痛苦,悲伤,苦难等(的缘由);贫困,困苦;危难,困境
Towards the end of the marathon several runners showed signs of distress。马拉松比赛接近终点时,有些参赛者显出极难受的样子。
Her death was a great distress to the family。她去世后全家人极为悲痛。
A ship in distress 遇险的船
distressful(adj)
distressing (adj)令人痛苦的,令人苦恼的
2censure:(v)严厉批评某人,正式责备某人
(n)strong criticism or condemnation 指责,谴责,斥责
Two MPs were censured by the speaker。有两个议员遭到议长的斥责。
Pass a vote of censure on sb 通过对某人的不信任投票

blame:(v)责备,责怪,指责,归咎于 ~ sb for/on sth
If you fail the exam you’ll only have yourself to blame。你若考试不及格,只能怪你自己。
(谚)A bad workman blames his tools。拙匠埋怨工具差。
(习)be to blame for sth 对某坏事应负责,应受责备。
Which driver was to blame for the accident?
3dissimulate:(v)hide or disguise one’s thought or feelings;dissemble 隐藏,掩盖思想感情;假装
dissimulation(n)

deceive:(v)~ sb/oneself into doing sth 欺骗某人做某事,使自己信以为真去做某事
We were deceived into believing that he could help us。我们被骗了,还以为他能帮助我们。
deceiver(n)骗子
deception(n)欺骗, deception on the public 欺骗公众
deceptive(adj)可能欺骗的,导致误解的
4flog(v)重重责打某人(尤指用棍棒或鞭子);(口)卖给某人某物 ~ sth to sb
flogging(n)打,鞭笞

spank(v)掴(尤指小孩)(尤指打屁股惩罚)
spank a child’s bottom 掴小孩的屁股
(n)掴;掴在屁股上的第一巴掌
5inscribe:(v)在某物上写、题(诗句,名字等)(尤指做正式的永久性的记录)~ A on/in B ~ B with A inscription(n)题字,题名,铭文

caption(n)杂志,文章重的标题、题目;附于照片、插图上的说明文字;电影或电视上的字幕
6meddle(v)(贬)干预,干涉,管闲事 ~ in sth ;乱动、瞎动不应动的事情 ~ with sth
Don’t meddle in my affairs。别管我的事。
Who’s been meddling with my papers?谁乱翻了我的文件?
meddlesome(adj)好干预,好管闲事的
meddler(n)干预者,爱管闲事的人,瞎摆弄的人

intervene(vi)指人干涉,调停,调解,斡旋 ~ in sth ~ between A and B;指时间进入,介入,在其间;(指事情发生)以阻碍(某事);
intervene in a dispute 调解纷争
during the years that intervened 这期间的若干年
intervention(n)干涉,介入
interventionist(n)干涉主义者,主张干涉的人
7postuer:(n)姿势,姿态;举止;看法,态度
(v)以不自然的、装模作样的方式站着,坐着等;摆模特的姿势
Stop posturing in front of that mirror。别在镜子前摆姿势了。

attitude(n)看法,态度
8rummage(vi、n)翻找或搜寻某物 ~ among/in/through sth for sth ~ about/around

ransack(vt)彻底搜寻 ~ sth for sth
9spout(v)指液体喷出,涌出 ~ out of/from
water spouting from a broken water-pipe 从破裂的水管中喷出的水

pour(v)指液体不断流动(尤指从上而下)
Blood was pouring from the wound。血从伤口中涌出。
10traverse(vt)走过,横贯或穿越某地区
skies traversing the slopes 穿过斜坡的滑雪者
(n)(一结构中的)穿越一物体的部件;横梁;横臂;(尤指爬山时的)侧向运动

intersect(vt)(尤用于被动语态)横断,横切;(指线条、道路)相交,交叉 ~ sth with sth
The lines AB and CD intersect at E。直线AB与直线CD相交于点E。
11wistful(adj)发愁的,渴望的(尤指过去的或不可得到的东西)
wistful eyes 露出渴求目光的眼睛

yearning(n)渴望,热望 ~ for sb/sth
yearningly(adv)渴望地

 

 

刘毅词汇10000 学习笔记lesson 14

 

1amicable:(adj)友好的,无敌意的
An amicable settlement was reached。已达成和解。
amicability(n)

amiable:(adj)友好的,和蔼可亲的,好脾气的
an amiable character 温柔的性格


2
blizzard:severe snowstorm 暴风雪

snowstorm:heavy fall of snow,esp with a strong wind暴风雪,雪暴
3cruise:(v)(航船)巡游,巡航;以中等速度行驶 ~ about
a destroyer cruising about in the sea 在海上游弋的驱除舰
Taxis cruised about,hoping to pick up late fares 出租车以中等速度转来转去,希望能招徕到晚归的顾客。

voyage:(v)航行,航海
voyaging across the Indian Ocean 作穿越印度洋的航行
4eradicate:(v)根除,消灭某事物,结束某事物
Smallpox has almost been eradicated 天花几乎已消灭。

extirpate:(v)根除或铲除
extirpate social evils 根除社会弊病
5glimmer:(v)发出微弱的闪光;
(n)微弱的闪光
glimmering(n)微光,迹象
We began to see a glimmering of a solution to the problem 我们开始看到问题可望解决的迹象。

gleam:(n)闪光,通常指反光
gleam in sb’s eyes 酝酿中的意念,令人向往的人和事物
6lump:(v) ~ sb/sth together 将人或物归并在一起考虑,将人或物同等分类或对待
We have lumped all the advanced students in the single class。我们把程度高的学生都编在一个班里。
lumpish(adj)指人粗大的,笨拙的,愚蠢的

block:(v)阻碍,堵塞 ~ sth up

7ransack:(v)彻底搜索某处 ~ sth for sth ;抢劫,掠夺
ransack the house for those papers 满屋子寻找那些文件

rummage:(v)翻找,搜寻 ~ among/in/through sth for sth

8slash:(v)用剑、刀砍 ~ at sth(with sth).
gash:(v)割一道伤口 ~ sth on sth
gash one’s arm on a piece of broken glass 胳膊被玻璃碎片划了一个大口子
9slump:(v)沉重的落下或倒下
(n)商业萧条期,不景气
Tired from her walk she slumped down onto the sofa。她走累了,一屁股坐到沙发上。

depress:(v)使某人忧愁,消沉,沮丧
10vogue:(n)流行的或盛行的式样 ~ for sth
a new vogue for low-heeled shoes 低跟鞋新潮流

fashion:(n)样子,式样;时尚,风气
dressed in the latest fashion 穿着入时的


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