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刘毅词汇10000学习笔记(四)

刘毅词汇10000学习笔记(四)

刘毅词汇10000

刘毅词汇10000学习笔记(四)

刘毅词汇10000学习笔记 lesson 41

 

1abdicatevtformally relinquish powera high official position)正式放弃(权力、高位)

He has abdicated all responsibility in the affair 他已经放弃了这件事中的一切职责。

◎ abdication(n)

relinquishvtgive up or cease to practiceabandon;不再采取行动,不再有某种感觉,放弃

He had relinquished all hope that she was alive。他已经放弃了她还活着的希望。

abandonvt)离开(某人某物某地)而不返回,遗弃、抛弃;离弃

give orders to abandon ship 下令弃船

           vtgive up completelyesp sth began)完全放弃(尤指已经开始的事物,如方案、设计、计划等)

The match was abandoned because of bad weather。比赛因恶劣天气而取消。

vt  yield completely toan emotion of impulse)完全屈从于(某种情感或冲动)  ~ oneself to sth

He abandoned himself to despair。他陷入绝望中

◎ abandonment(n)

surrendervivt  stop resisting an enemyyieldgive up 停止抵抗,投降,屈服,放弃;~ (oneself)(to sb)

The hijackers finally surrendered to the police。劫机者终于向警方投降了。

vt give up possession of sth/sb when forced by others or by necessityhand sth/sb over 被迫放弃对某物(某人)的控制权,交出某事物(某人)

◎ surrender(n)

 

2accruevicome as a natural increase or advantageesp financialaccumulate 自然增长或利益增加(尤指财务);积累  ~ to sb from sth

Interest will accrue if you keep your money in a saving account 把钱存在储蓄帐户里就会生息。

◎ accrual(n)

accumulatevt gradually get or gather together an increasing number or quantity of sth get sth in this way 积累,聚积(某物)

accumulate enough evidence to ensure his conviction 搜集足够的证据以给他定罪。

viincrease in number or quantity 增加

Dust and dirt soon accumulate if a house is not cleaned regularly。房屋不经常打扫,尘土很快就会越积越多。

◎       accumulative(adj)

◎       accumulation)(n)

amassvtgather together or collect esp in large quantities (尤指大量的)积累,积聚,收集(某事物)

amass a fortune 积累财富

gathervcome or bring sb/sth in one place 聚集,集合,召集  ~ sb/sth round sth/sb

a musical evening with the whole family gathered round the piano。全家围坐在钢琴旁的音乐晚会

vtbring together objects that have been spread about 收集,收拢(分散的东西)  ~ sth together/up

She gathered up her scattered belongings and left。她把自己的散乱物品收好就走了。

 

3badgervtpester sbnag sb persistently 纠缠某人,烦扰某人  ~ sb with/for sth  ~ sb into doing sth

She kept badgering her father into answering strange questions。她一直缠着爸爸回答奇怪的问题。

         n)徽章

bothervt cause trouble or annoyance to sbpester sb 打扰或烦扰某人,给某人添麻烦  ~ sb about/with sb

I am sorry to bother you,but could you tell me the way to the station。对不起打扰一下,请问去车站怎么走?

          vt worry sb 使某人不安

The problem has been bothering me for weeks。那问题已经困扰了我几个星期。

pestervt annoy or disturb sb esp with frequent requests 打扰或纠缠某人(尤指不断提出要求)

Beggars pestered him for money。乞丐缠着向他讨钱。

 

4bafflevtbe too difficult for sb to understandpuzzle 使某人困惑,难倒

Police are baffled as to the identity of the killer。警方不解凶手是谁

◎       bafflement(n)

◎       baffling(adj)难以了解的

bewildervtpuzzle sbconfuse 迷惑某人,混乱

The child was bewildered by the noise and the crowds。孩子让噪声和人群弄的晕头转向。

◎bewildering(adj)令人困惑的,费解的

◎bewilderment(n)混乱,困惑

confusevt)(通常用于被动语态)make sb unable to think clearlypuzzlebewilder 把某人弄糊涂,使迷惑,使为难

They confused me by asking so many questions。他们提了一大堆问题把我都弄糊涂了。

 vtmistake one person or thing with another 混淆   ~ A and/with B

Don’t confuse Austria and Australia。不要把奥地利跟澳大利亚弄混淆了。

 

5conjecturev)(书面语)form and express an opinion not based on firm evidenceguess 推测,猜测  ~ about sth

Don’t conjectured about the outcome。不要对结果妄加猜测。

          n)猜测,推测

Your theory is pure conjecture。拟的理论纯粹是主观臆测。

◎       conjectural(adj)推测的,猜测的

surmisevt)(书面语)suppose without having evidence that makes it certainguess 猜测某事物,猜想,揣测

With no news from the explorers we can only surmise their present position。我们没有探险者的消息,只能猜测他们现在所处的位置。

           n)猜测,猜想

Your first surmise is right。你第一次猜对了。

guessvgive an answerform an opinion or make a statement about sth without calculating or measuring  猜想,估计、臆测,猜测

 

6derangedadj)精神错乱的,(尤指)有精神病的,精神失常的

◎       derangement(n)

upsetvt)打翻,弄翻(尤指无意的)

        vt)搅乱,扰乱计划等

 

7fiendndvilspiritdevil 恶魔,魔鬼;恶魔般的人,穷凶极恶的人

The fiends of hell 地狱的魔鬼

deviln)魔鬼,鬼怪;恶人,坏蛋,调皮鬼,淘气鬼

 

8pinevunhappy  esp because sb has died or gone away 痛苦(尤指因生离死别)

She certainly hasn’t been pining while you were away。你不在的时候她可并不难受。

  vilong for or miss sb/sth 渴望或想念某人    ~ for sb/sth

They were pining to return home 他们渴望返回家园。

yearnvi desire strongly or with compassion or tendernessbe filled with longing 渴望,怜悯,思念,留念,盼望   ~ for sb/sth

They yearned for their home and family他们怀念故国家园。

desirevtwish for sthwant 希望得到某事物,想要

We all desire happiness and health。我们都希望幸福和健康。

 

9smothervtcause sb to die from lack of airor from not being able to breathesuffocate (使某人)窒息,闷死

She felt smothered with kindness ta感受到难以消受的热情。

           vt)用灰、沙等熄灭或闷住(火)

Smother the flames from the burning pan with a wet towel。用湿毛巾把锅里的火扑灭。

chokevibe unable to breathe because one’s windpipe is blocked by sth 窒息;(掐住或阻塞气管)使某人难以呼吸,呛  ~ on sth

She choked to death on a fish bone。鱼刺把她卡住而窒息。

suffocatevtcause sb to die as a result of not being able to breathe 使某人窒息而死,将某人闷死

Passengers suffocated in the burning aircraft。乘客在燃烧的飞机中窒息而亡。

throttlevtseize sb by the throat and stop him breathingstrangle 扼某人的颈部,使窒息,勒死

Throttle the guard before robbing the safe。勒死警卫然后枪保险箱。

 

10throbvi)(of the heartpulseetcbeatesp faster or stronger than usual (指心脏、脉搏)跳动(尤指跳动较快或较强);悸动,搏动   ~ with sth

Her heart was throbbing with excitement。她兴奋的心直跳

         vi)(有规律)的跳动、颤动,或发出声响

The ships engine throbbed quietly。船上的发动机发出轻微的震动。

pulsevimove with strong regular movementsbeat or throb 强列而有规律的跳动。搏动,震动

The news sent the blood pulsing through his veins 这消息使他的血液都沸腾起来了。

         n)脉搏,节拍,(声波,光波,电波等的)一次脉动

fluttervi)(of the wings of birdsbutterfliesetc move lightly and quickly (指鸟、蝴蝶等的翅膀)轻而快的抖动,拍翅

The wings of the bird still fluttered after it had been shot down。那鸟被击落后翅膀仍在抖动。

           vimove about in quick irregular way 迅速而无规则的乱动;飘动

a flag fluttering from the mast-head 在旗杆上飘扬着的旗帜。

 

 

刘毅词汇10000学习笔记 lesson 42

 

1brothn)(煮肉、鱼或蔬菜的)清汤、原汤、高汤

 

soupn)汤,羹

(习)in the soup 处于困境,出麻烦

If your Mum finds out what you have done,you will really be in the soup。要是你妈妈发觉你干的事,你就要倒霉了。

2crevicen narrow opening or crack in a rock or wall(岩石、墙壁等的)裂缝、缺口

cracknline along which sth has brokenbut not into separate parts 裂缝、裂纹

a cup with bad cracks in it 有许多裂纹的杯子

         nnarrow opening 缝隙

She looked through a crack in the curtains 他透过帘子的缝隙观望

(词组)~ on sth 重击(通常为可听到响声的)

(习)the crack of dawn 黎明、破晓

get up at the crack of dawn 黎明就起床

(习)the crack of doom 世界末日

To get a bus here you have to wait till the crack of doom在这要等到世界末日才能有公共汽车。

          vdevelop a crack or cracks 使开裂,破裂,爆裂

You can crack this toughened glass,but you can’t break it  这种韧化玻璃只裂不碎。

 

3demeanvtlower oneself in dignitydeprive oneself of other’s respect 降低自己的身份,失去别人的尊重,贬低自己        ~ oneself

Don’t demean yourself by telling such obvious lies 你不要用这种明显的谎言自贬人格。

◎ demeaning(adj)降低身份的,卑微的,堕落的

He found it very demeaning to have to work for his former employee。他觉得要为他以前的雇员工作很失身份。

degradevtcause sb to be less moral and less deserving of respect 贬低某人,降低某人的身份,使某人丢脸

I felt degrade by having to ask for money。我出于无奈向别人要钱而自觉有失尊严。

 

4fostervthelp the growth or development of sthencourage or promote 培养,培育某物;鼓励,促进

foster the growth of local industries 扶植地方工业

        v)照顾,抚养(法律上不属于自己的孩子),领养,收养

People who cannot have a baby of their own sometimes foster a child。不能生育的人有时领养别人的孩子。

nursevtake care of the sick or injuredlook after 看护、护理(病人或受伤者),照顾某人

My mother has been nursing for 40 years。我母亲40年来一直做护理工作。

          vt give special care to sthhelp to develop 特别照料,培养

nurse young plants 培育幼苗

 

5incentiven thing that encourages sb to do sthstimulus 激励某人做某事的事物,刺激;奖励  ~ to do sth

They don’t try very hard, but then there’s no incentive 他们不太卖力气,不过却也没给他们奖励。

stimulusn)(pl stimulithing that produces a reaction in living things 使生物体产生反应之物,刺激物

The nutrient in the soil act as a stimulus to growth 土壤中的养分能促进植物生长。

n)起鼓舞或激励作用的事物,促进因素

Her words of praise were a stimulus to work harder 她赞扬的话鼓舞人工作更加努力。

 

6mazen)(通常做单数)network of paths or hedges designed as a puzzle in which one must find one’s way迷宫 迷魂阵

We got lost in Hampton Court maze。我们在汉普顿科特迷宫迷了路。

        nconfused collection or complicated mass of factsetc (事情等的)错综,复杂

find one’s way through the maze of rules and regulations 在纷繁的规则和条例中寻找出路。

labyrinthn complicated network of winding passagespathsetc through which it is difficult to find one’s way  迷宫

The old building was a labyrinth of dark corridors。那座古老建筑是一座长廊纵横、光线昏暗的迷宫。

 

7porev pore over sth  钻研(某事物),审查、审视

She was poring over an old map of the area。她正在仔细查阅该地区的地图。

n)皮肤上的毛孔,叶子上的气孔

He was sweating at every pore。他汗流浃背。

 

8rubbishn,不可数名词)waste or worthless material 垃圾,废物

         n)(贬,常用作感叹用语)无聊的想法等,胡说

His book is a load of rubbish 他的书简直是废话连篇。

trashn,不可数名词)materialwriting etc of poor quality 拙劣的作品,材料;垃圾,废物

He thinks most modern arts is trash 他认为现代艺术大都是糟粕。

 

9speculateviform opinions without having definite or complete knowledge or evidenceguess 思考,思索,推断,推测  ~ about/on./upon sth

I wouldn’t like to speculate on the reasons for her resignation 我不愿意猜测她辞职的原因。

meditatevi think deeplyesp about spiritual matters 深思,沉思,冥想(尤指精神方面的问题)

I meditate in order to relax。我沉思冥想借以松弛精神。

 

10transfixvt)(尤用于被动语态)stick sth pointed completely through sth/sb 用某物刺穿某人(某物) ~ sth/sb with/on sth

a fish transfixed with a harpoon 用鱼叉叉穿的鱼

(vt)(尤用于被动语态) make sb unable to move,think or speak because of fear,astonishment,etc 使某人(因恐惧,惊愕)不能动弹、思想或说话   ~ sb with sth

He stood staring at the ghost,transfixed with terror。他站在那里看着那个鬼,吓得不能动弹。

 ★ petrifyvt)(尤用于被动语态) make sb unable to thinkmoveactetc because of fearsurpriseetc 使某人惊呆或吓呆   ~ sb with sth

The idea of making a speech in the public petrified him 一想到要在大庭广众面前讲演,他就紧张的不知所措。

 

 

刘毅词汇10000学习笔记 lesson 43

 

1anomalynanomalous thingirregularity  异常的事物,不合规则

The many anomalies in the tax system 税务制度中的多种异常现象

◎ anomalous(adj)different from what is normal;irregular 异常的,不规则的

He is in an anomalous position as the only part-time worker in the firm。他与众不同,是公司唯一的兼职人员。

abnormaladjdifferentesp in an undesirable wayfrom what is normalordinary or expected 反常的,不正常的,变态的

abnormal weather conditions 反常的天气

◎ abnormality(n)异常,反常,变态

irregularadj not regular in shapearrangementetcuneven (形状)不规则的,(安排)无规律的,不平坦的  ~ in sth

a coast with an irregular outline 曲折的海岸线

adjnot happeningcominggoingetc regularlyvarying or unequal (发生,来去等)无规律的,不平坦的

occur at irregular intervals 不定期发生

adjcontrary to the rules or what is normal or established 不规则的,不合常规的,非正规的。

◎ irregularity(n)不整齐,不平坦,不规则,不合常规

 

2convergevi of linesmoving objectsetc)(come towards each other and meet at a point  (指线条、运动的物体等)会于一点,向一点会合,聚集  ~ on sb/sth;~ at sth

armies converging on the capital city 向首都集结的各路军队

           vibecome similar or identical (趋于)相似或相同

Our previously opposed views are beginning to converge 我们原来相互对立的观点开始趋于一致。

◎ convergent(adj)相交的,趋于一致的

◎ convergence(n)

focusn)(pl focuses or foci)(光、声等的)中心点,源;焦点,焦距;聚集,调焦;活动的中心,使人感兴趣的所在

In tonight’s programme our focus is on Germany。今天晚上我们的节目重点介绍德国。

        vi become able to see clearly 能够看清楚

His eyes focused slowly in the dark room 他在那间黑屋子里眼睛慢慢看清了东西。

vtcause sth to be concentrated at a point 使某物集中(于一点);将注意力集中于某事物   ~ sth on sth

Please focus your minds on the following problem 请集中考虑以下问题

 

3duplicateadj)(做定语) exactly like something elseidentical (与另一物)完全一样的。完全相同的

a duplicate set of keys (与另一套)完全相同的一套钥匙。

(n)one of two or more things that are exactly alike;copy 相似物,复制品

Is this a duplicate or original?这是复制件还是原件?

         vt)(尤用于被动语态)复制某物;再一次做某事(尤指没必要的),重复

This research merely duplicates work already done elsewhere 这项研究仅仅是重复别人已经做过的工作。

◎ duplication(n)复制,重复

doublen)两倍,加倍

He’s paid double for the same job 他做同样的工作,报酬比别人多一倍。

         nperson or thing that looks very like another 酷似的人或事物

She’s the double of her mother at the same age。她和她母亲年轻时十分相似。

 

4epochn)纪元,时代,时期

Einstein’s theory marked a new epoch in mathematics 爱因斯坦理论开创了数学的新纪元。

agen)(具有某种特征或特殊事件的)历史时期,时代

the modern age 现代

 

5gauntadj)(of a personmade exceptionally thin by hunger or illnesshaggard;(指人)(因饥饿或疾病)憔悴的,骨瘦如柴的

the gaunt face of a starving man 饿汉憔悴的面容

adj)(of a placebare desolate (指地方)不毛的,荒凉的

haggardadjlooking tired and unhappyesp from worrylack of sleep 憔悴的,形容枯槁的(尤因忧愁或缺觉等所致)

 

6incessantadj not stoppingcontinual 不停的,连续的,不断的

★     continuous(adj)便是动作或物体继续不停的或不间断的进行下去

★     continual(adj)一般指多次重复的动作

 

7muteadjsilentmaking no sound 沉默的,无声的;

remain mute 保持沉默

(adj)(旧)(of people)unable to speak,dumb (指人)不能说话的,哑的

silentadj)寂静的,无声的

        adj)沉默的,不发表意见的

On certain important details the report remains strangely silent 这份报告在某些重要的细节问题上只字未提,莫名其妙

 

8partisann)(对某人、团体或事业)热心而常为盲目的拥护者

defendern)后卫

 

9scanvtlook at every part of sth carefullyexamine with great attention 细看(某物的)各部;仔细检查(某物)

He scanned the horizon,looking for land 他细看天水相连的地方,寻找陆地。

vt)匆匆而粗略的看

She scanned the newspaper over breakfast。她吃着早饭把报纸大略看了一遍

overlookvt)俯瞰,俯视(某处)

My room overlooks the sea 从我的房间可以眺望大海。

           vt)忽视,忽略(某人,某事物),不理会

He was overlooked when they set about choosing a new manager。选任新经理时没有考虑他。

 

10stabvt pierce sth or wound sb with a pointed tool or weaponpush a knifeetc into sb/sth 戳(某物),刺伤(某人),(用刀等)捅(某人某物)

She stabbed him in the leg with a kitchen knife 她拿菜刀捅伤了他的腿。

(习)stab sb in the back 背地里中伤某人,背叛某人

piercevt)(of sharppointed instrumentsgo into or through sth (指尖物)刺入、刺透(某物)

The arrow pierced his shoulder 那枝箭刺入他的肩膀。

         vt)在某物上扎眼,穿孔

She had her ears pierced so that she could wear ear-rings 她已经扎好了耳朵眼好戴耳环。

 

刘毅词汇10000学习笔记 lesson 44

 

1botchvt spoil sth by poor or clumsy workrepair sth badly (笨手笨脚的)弄坏某事物,把某事物修理的很糟   ~ sth up

The mechanic tried to repair my car, but he really botched it up。那个技工想把我的汽车修好,可是他一修更糟了。

◎ botcher(n)笨手笨脚的人

ruinvtcause the destruction of sb/sth 毁坏,毁灭某人/某事物

He ruined his prospects by carelessness。他因疏忽大意而断送了前途

nUsevere damage or destruction 毁坏、毁灭,灭亡

The news meant the ruin of all our hopes。这消息使我们的一切希望都破灭了。

nU)毁坏、破产等的原因;祸根

nU)破败、坍塌、毁坏的状态

The capital was fallen into ruin。城堡已经破败不堪。

(习语)in ruins  严重受损、破败不堪

A earthquake left the whole town in ruins 那次地震过后,全城到处都是残垣断壁。

spoilvtpt pp  spoiltmake sth uselessvalueless or unsatisfactoryruin 毁掉、损坏、破坏、糟蹋某事物

The new road has completely spoiled the character of the village。新修的路彻底毁掉了那个村庄的特色。

          vtharm the character of esp a childby lack of descipline or too mach generosityattentionpraiseetc 娇惯、宠坏、溺爱(尤指儿童)

That little girl is terribly spoilt。那个小女孩真惯的不象话

          vi)(指食物)变坏,变质,腐败

Some kind of food soon spoil 有些食物容易变质

(习语)be spoilt for choice 因供选择的事物太多而无从下手

◎ spoilage(n)(食物等的)变坏、变质、腐烂

 

2chafevibecome irritated or impatient because of sth (因某事物)恼怒或不耐烦 ~ at/under sth

The passengers sat chafing at the long delay 乘客们因为长时间的耽误而坐的很不耐烦。

        v)(cause sth tobecome sore by rubbing (使某物)因摩擦而疼痛

His shirt collar chafed his neck 他的衬衫领口把脖子磨腾了。

        n)(皮肤受磨擦的)疼处

abradevtwear awayskinfabricrocketcby rubbingscrape off 磨损(表皮、织物、岩石等);刮除

◎ abrasion(n)刮除、磨损、擦掉;擦伤处

◎ abrasive(adj)有研磨作用的,粗糙的;伤人感情的,粗鲁的

scrapevt make a surfaceetccleanlevel or smooth by drawing a sharp tool or sth rough across it 擦净、削平、磨光(某物)  ~ sth down/out/off

She is scraping the path clear of snow 她正在把路上的积雪铲掉。

         vtremovemudgreasepaintetcin this way 除掉(泥、油渍、油漆等) ~ sth from/off sth  ~ sth away/off

scrape the dust off 把锈刮去

   vtinjure or damage sth by rubbing with sth roughsharp 擦伤或刮坏某物  ~ sth against/on/along sth

I scraped the side of my car against a wall。我的汽车车身蹭墙被划坏了。

  vtremoveskinpaintetcaccidentally in this way  擦伤、刮坏(皮肤,油漆等)  sth from/off sth  ~ sth away/off

I must have scraped some of the paint off when I was parking the car 我准是停放汽车的时候刮掉了一些油漆。

 

3dissipatev)(cause sth toscatter or vanish (使某事物)消散、消失

Her son’s letter dissipated all her fears and anxiety 她儿子的来信消除了她一切恐惧和焦虑。

          vtwastetimemoneyetcfoolishly  浪费(时间、金钱等)

◎ dissipation(n,U)驱散、消散;浪费

scatterv)(cause people or animals tomoveusu quicklyin different directions (使人或动物)散开

The police scattered the crowd。警察驱散了人群。

           vtthrow sth in different directionsput here and there 撒(某物);散布

We scattered plates of food around the room before the party。我们在聚会前把一盘盘食物摆放在屋中各处。

vt sth with sth 将某物撒在某物表面上

scatter the lawn with grass seed 把草籽撒在草坪上

 

4effacevtrub or wipe sth outcause to fade 擦去,抹掉(某事物);使淡薄,使逐渐消失

Time alone will efface those unpleasant memories 只有时间才能使人淡忘那些不快的记忆。

erasevtrub or scrape sth outremove all traces of sth 擦掉或刮掉某物,消除某事物的痕迹 ~ sth from sth

 

5glintvigive out smallbright flashes of light 闪闪发光;指某人的眼睛闪现某种神色

(n)光泽,(尤指光亮硬物的)反光

flashvigive or send out a brief bright light 发出闪光

 

6onerousadjneeding effortburdensome 艰巨的,繁重的

This is the most onerous task I have ever undertaken 这是我承担过的最艰巨的任务。

arduousadjneeding much effort or energylaborious 艰巨的,费力的

The work is arduous and the hours are long 工作吃力,时间又长。

laboriousadj)(of worketcneeding much effort (指工作等)艰苦的,费力的;吃力的,不流畅的,不自然的

 

7iteratevtsay sth again and againmakean accusationa demandetcrepeatedly 反复说某事,一再提出(指责,要求等)  ~ sth to sb

repeatvtsay or write sth again once or more than oncereiterate 重复说或写,反复重申

         vt)重做或重复(某事物)

Such bargain offers can’t be repeated 这么便宜的价钱不会再有了。

 

8propensityninclination or tendency 倾向、习性  ~ for/to/towards sth  ~ for doing/to do sth

tendencynway a person or thing tends to be or behave (人物或呈现的)倾向、趋势  ~ to/towards sth/to do sth

inclinationnfeeling that makes sb want to behave in a particular waydisposition  倾向、意向、意愿  ~ to/towards/for sth   ~ to do sth

 

9singevtblacken sth by burningscorch 烧焦或烫焦(某物)

The iron’s too hot,you’ll singe the dress 熨斗太热了,你会把衣服烫焦的。

scorchvtburn or discolour a surface by dry heat 将(物体表面)烧焦、烫糊或烫的变色

I scorched my shirt when I was ironing it。我把衬衫烫糊了。

 

10strutvi)(贬)趾高气扬的走,高视阔步

She strutted past us,ignoring our greeting 她神气活现的从我们跟前走过,我们打招呼她都不理。

swaggervi)(贬)趾高气扬的行走或行事

Don’t swagger just because you got the job 别因为得到了这份工作就得意忘形。

 

11unravelv)(cause sth wovenknotted or tangled toseparate into strands (使编织、编结或纠结之物)解开,拆开;(比喻)使某物变清楚或获解决

The mystery unravels slowly。那件神秘的事渐渐明朗了。

solvevtfind an answer to a problemetcexplain or make clear a mystery etc 解决、解答(难题);解释、揭示(秘密等)

solve a crime 破案

 

 

刘毅词汇10000学习笔记 lesson 45

 

1bellow(vi)make a deep loud noise like a bull;roar,esp with pain 发出(像牛的)吼叫声;咆哮(尤指因痛苦)

The bull bellowed angrily公牛怒吼起来。

(v)say sth loudly or angrily;shout (大声或愤怒的)说出某事;大叫   ~ sth at sb

The music was so loud we had to bellow at each other to be hearted音乐的声音实在太大,我们只有彼此大声喊叫才能把话听清。

shoutvi)(不用于被动语态)大声说,喊,呼 ~ at/to sb  ~ out

Don’t shout at me 别冲着我喊!

 

2cloak(n)sleeveless outer garment hanging loosely from the shoulders,usu worn out of doors 斗篷、披风

        n)隐藏或掩护的东西

The spy’s activities were concealed by the cloak of diplomacy 间谍的活动是在外交的掩护下暗中进行的。

mantle(n)loose sleeveless cloak 披风、斗篷

         n)覆盖物

hills with a mantle of snow 覆盖着一层雪的山

 

3devout(adj)sincerely religious;pious 虔信宗教的,虔诚的

(adj)sincere;deeply felt  诚挚的,真诚的,衷心的,发自内心的

◎ devoutness(n)

pious(adj)having or showing a deep devotion to religion (对宗教)虔诚的

         adj)假虔诚的,虚伪的

He dismissed his critics as pious do-gooders who were afraid to face the facts 他把批评他的人斥之为不敢面对事实的假善人。

 

4guise(n)(古)style of dress 装束;态度,相貌;(尤指)伪装

under the guise of friendship 以友谊为伪装

 ★ appearance(n)coming into view;arrival 出现,到来

(n)that which shows;外表,外貌,外观

Fine clothes added to his strikingly handsome appearance 华丽的服装使他极其英俊的外貌更加出色。

 

5latent(adj)(尤做定语)existing but not yet active,developed or visible 潜在的,不活跃的,未发展的,不明显的

a latent abilities 潜在的才能

concealedadj)隐藏的

 

 

6pawn(vt)leave an object with a pawnbroker in exchange for money that can be repaid in order to get the object back  典当、抵押(某物)

He pawned his gold watch to pay the rent  他典当了金表用以交租

gage(n)(用以作出估计或判断的)事实、环境、方法、尺度

Is a person’s behavior under stress a reliable gage of his character?人在受到压力时的行为能做衡量其品性的可靠尺度么?

 

7quake(vi)(of the earth)shake (指地)震动、颤动 

They felt the ground quake as the bomb exploded 炸弹爆炸时,他们觉得地面都震动的。

shudder(vi)shiver violently with cold,fear,etc tremble (因寒冷、恐惧等)发抖、战栗 

~ with sth

I shuddered to think of the problem ahead of us。我想到摆在面前的问题就不寒而栗。

 

8sequel(n)thing that happens after or as a result of an earlier event 继之而来的事物,有前因的事物   ~ to sth

His speech had an unfortunate sequel in the in caused a riot他的演说产生了一种不利的后果,尤之引发一种骚乱。

resultvt 重建、改建、重组,改组

 

9salvagen)(对船、船上货物的)海上营救 ;(对火灾、水灾的)财务抢救

Salvage of thye wreck was made difficult by had weather 船遇难后, 因天气阿率救援工作十分困难。

rescue(vt )  ~ sb/sth from sth/sb (从危险、囚禁等方面)搭救或救出某人

 

10virtualadj)(做定语)事实上的,实际上的,实质上的(但未在名义上或正式获承认)

A virtual state of war between the two countries 两国间实际处于战争状态

actual(adj)existing in fact;real 实在的,真实的,实际的,确实的

The actual cost was much higher than we had expected 实际成本比我们预料的高的多。

 

11wizardn)男巫(尤指童话中的);魔术师

magiciann)魔术师,变戏法的人


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