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裕兴新概念英语第二册笔记 lesson 9

裕兴新概念英语第二册笔记 lesson 9

裕兴新概念英语第二册笔记 lesson 9


lesson 9 A cold welcome  冷遇


一、   单词讲解  New words and expressions 

welcome  [‘wɛlkəm]  n.  欢迎;v.欢迎

crowd [kraʊd]  n.  人群

gather  [‘gae ðə]  v.  聚集

hand  [hae nd]  n.  (表或机器的)指针

shout [ʃaʊt]  v.  喊叫

refuse [ri’fjʊz]  v.  拒绝

laugh  [lae f]  v.  笑


welcome  n.& v.& adj.& interj.

1 ) interj.  迎接时打招呼用语

例: Welcome! come in please !欢迎,欢迎,赶快进来

Welcome home .             欢迎回家

Welcome back .              欢迎进来

Welcome to China .            欢迎来中国

Welcome to Beijing          欢迎来北京

2) n  接待,欢迎

greeting, reception

a cold welcome           冷遇

a warm welcome             热烈的欢迎

3) adj .受欢迎的,令人愉快的

a welcome change  受欢迎的改变

welcome news     受欢迎的消息

4) v. 欢迎,迎接( greet)

例: The clock refused to welcome the new year.


The children flew to welcome their mother.


5) 口语中 You are welcome.  你太客气了   (用作答谢的客套话)


crowd   n. 

a large number of people gathered together


the crowd 人们,人群

例: He pushed his way through the crowd .   他挤过人群

a large crowd of people                 一大群人

There was a crowd of 2O,OOO people at the football match.

在足球赛场上有 20000 多人。

crowded   adj.  拥挤的

a crowded train      拥挤的火车

crowd              ( 口)伙伴

the college crowd    大学同学

in crowds          成群的

raise oneself above the crowd  出类拔萃



1)v. 聚集  collect together, come together in one place

例: A crowd soon gathered .     一群人迅速的聚集了起来。

The clouds speedily gathered again .   很快就乌云密布了。

Gather round and I’ll tell you a secret.


2) 获知,推测

例: I gathered from her remarks that she wasn’t satisfied with her

job. 我从它的评价得知她对她的工作并不满意。

3 )把衣服裹在身上

例: She gathered a shawl around herself. 她把披肩围在身上。

shawl (女用)披肩,围巾



1 )手

the back of the hand       手背

lead a child by the band   用手牵着孩子

give sb a hand           帮某人一个忙

raise one’s hand        举手

shake hands            握手

wave one’s hand           挥手

wash one’s hands        洗手,可以引审为洗手不干

2 )指针

the minute hand     分针

the hour hand       时针

the second hand    秒针;二手的

3) 方向,侧

例: I see a school on my right/left hand .


on the one hand, on the other hand  一方面,另一方面

get the upper hand of   占 … 上风

hand and foot             手脚一起,完全地

tie a person hand        五花大绑

hand to hand            短兵相接

show one’s hand (to )     摊牌

on all hands           四面八方


shout            因愤怒或为引起注意而喊叫 

shout at sb       对…大喊大叫   (不礼貌)

shout to sb       对…大声喊(使听到)

例: I had to shout to make myself heard.


cry (痛苦,惊讶等的自然反应)发出尖利的声音

scream ( 痛苦,恐惧或激动)而喊叫,(大而尖利的声音)


refuse   [riˈfju:z]  v t .拒绝  

refuse sth            拒绝

refuse a gift         拒绝一份礼物

refuse an offer        拒绝一份的给予

refuse an invitation   拒绝一份的邀请

refuse one’s help       拒绝某人的帮助

refuse to do         拒绝去做某事

例: The clock refused to welcome the New Year.


The car refused to start.


The boy refused to lend me his dictionary.


refuse sb 拒绝某人

例: They refused him admittance .他们把他拒之门外。

refuse   [ ‘ refju:s]   n. (u )垃圾;废物

excuse   [iks’kju:z]  原谅( v. )

excuse  [iks’kju:s]  借口( n.)

accent  [ae k’sənt]  重读( v.)

accent  [‘ae ksənt]  重读  (n.)

conduct  [kənˈdʌkt]  指挥,控制 (v.)

conduct  [ˈkɔndʌkt]   行为( n.)


laugh  v. 笑,大声笑 

例: He who laughs last laughs best.  笑到最后的是笑得最好。

laugh at danger    等闲视之


Laugh               笑,大声笑

smile                微笑

grin                 漏齿而笑  [ grin ]

guffaw              捧腹大笑,哄笑,大笑(贬) [gəˈfɔ:]

sneer               嘲笑;冷笑

giggle [ˈɡɪɡ(ə)l]         咯咯地笑

chuckle  [ˈtʃʌk(ə)l]        低声吃吃的笑;轻声的笑

laugh at sb           取笑,讥笑某人

laugh to oneself      独自发笑

smile at sb           对 … 微笑

make fun of sb        捉弄,嘲笑,取笑某人

can’t help laughing    忍不住大笑起来

can’t help crying       忍不住大哭起来

laughter            n .笑,笑声

a home full of laughter    充满欢笑的家庭

laughing          adj .快乐的,好笑的

例: It’s no laughing matter.  这不是什么好笑的事情。

laughing stock 笑柄


二、   关键句型  Key Structures

表时间的介词 at, in, on, from…till, during, not…until 等用



1 )   在某时刻,时间等之前

例 : Lunch was at one o’clock.    午饭在 1 点钟开始。

When did you arrive ?              你什么时候到?

I arrived at 10 o’clock          我 10 点钟到

2 )在固定短语之前

at night  在夜里,  at noon 在中午, at teatime 在喝茶的时间, at

lunchtime 在吃午饭的时间, at the weekend 在周末 …

3 )  before festival 在节日之前

at Christmas  在圣诞节 ( 期间 )

at Easter   在复活节

但是我们强调在圣诞节那一天,我们用 on Christmas Day. on 用



1 )在(一段时间)内

The pigeon covered the distance in 3 minutes.


2 )在月,季节,年的前面

例: That was in 1640 .   在 1640 年。

in spring 在春天   ; in summer 在夏天;    in July 在七月

3) 表“ … 之后”

例: I’ll come back in a day or two .我在一两天之后回来。

4) 固定短语

in the morning   在早晨

in the afternoon  在下午

in the evening     在晚上

On  在某一天,某个早上,某天前夕等 

例: They arrived in Shanghai on May 20 .


On the Eve of their departure, they gave a farewell banquet.


From…till ( 从…到) from…to

例: They are busy from morning till night .他们从早忙到晚。

They are busy from morning to night .        他们从早忙到晚。


1) 在某段时间里的不确定时间

例: She woke many times during the night .


2) 在…的这段时间(贯穿始终)

例: They didn’t say a word during the meal .


not…until  直到…才

例: They didn’t stop until after six o’clock.


after 在 … 之后

例: I want it back the day after tomorrow.


It is easy to be wise after the event.  事后诸葛亮


Exercise  用正确的介词填空 

1) He has gone abroad. He will return___ two years’time .


答案为: in

2)____ Saturdays I always go to the market .


答案: on  ,星期六是一个具体的日子

3) I never go to the cinema____  the week


答案: in/during  ,由于 week 是一段时间,所以用 in/during

4) He ran a hundred metres ____  thirteen seconds .


答案: in  在一段时间内

5) I can’t see him ___   the moment I’m busy.


答案: at ,at the moment 固定搭配

6)My birthday is____   November 7th.I was born  ___ 1974.

我的生日是十一月七日。我出生在 1974 年。

答案: on  具体的日子用介词。

in 1974 在具体的年份前用 in

7) The days are very short _____ December.


答案: in  在一个月内

8)We arrived at the village late ____  night We left early in the



答案: at, late at night 在深夜

in, early in the morning 一大早

9) I shall not hear from him____ tomorrow.


答案: until, not… until…   直到…才…


三、   课文   Text

On Wednesday evening, we went to the Town Hall. It was the last day of the year and a large crowd of people had gathered under the Town Hall clock. It would strike twelve in twenty minutes’ time.

in the evening  在晚上

on Wednesday evening

It was the last day of the year  ;

表达为 New Year’s Eve

strike strike-struck- struck 

l )敲,打

strike twelve                  敲响十二点

Strike while the iron is hot.    (谚语)趁热打铁

2 )施以(打击)

例: The man struck him a heavy blow.


3 )撞

例: The ship struck against the rock.

/The ship struck on the rock .   船撞到岩石上去

4 )擦(火柴)

strike a match  擦火柴

5 )突然想到某人、某个主意 (occur to)

例: A good idea struck me.

A good idea occurred to me .   我突然想到了一个好主意。

be struck by 被打动

例: I was struck by its beauty.  我被她的美所打动。

6)n. 罢工 :

be on strike  在罢工

go on strike /go out on strike  举行罢工

Fifteen minutes passed and then, at live to twelve, the clock

stopped. The big minute hand did not move. We waited and waited,

but nothing happened.

pass v. 通过,经过,传递

pass- passed- passed

例 : Half an hour passed .   半小时过去了。

I passed the exam easily.  我轻松的通过了考试。

Pass me the salt please.  请把盐递给我。

waited and waited      待啊等。

We walked and walked .     我们走啊走啊。

We laughed and laughed.    我们笑啊笑啊。

happen vi. 偶然地发生

例: The accident happened at the street corner.


happen to   发生于 … 身上

例: She hoped nothing bad would happen to him.


happen to do

例: I happened to see him on the street.


it happens that…  碰巧;恰好

例: It so happened that the famous actor was her brother.


(=The famous actor happened to be her brother.)

take place 通常指可预见的事

例: The contest took place yesterday.  比赛昨天举行。

take the place of  代替,接替

例: I’ll take my father’s place for a while.


Suddenly someone shouted, ‘It’s two minutes past twelve! The clock has stopped!’ I looked at my watch. It was true. The big clock refused to welcome the New Year. At that moment, everybody

began to laugh and sing.

past  prep .   己经 … :在…之后

例 : It’s five minutes past twelve .   己经十二点过五分了。

It’s five minutes past two .        己经二点过五分了。

He walked past me .              他经过我身边。

passed [pɑ:st]     past [pɑ:st]

begin v 开始

begin to do–>begin doing       开始做某事

例: When did it begin to rain ?   什么时候开始下雨的?

=When did it begin raining?

start to do –>start doing   开始做某事

begin at                 以什么作为开头

begin at page 50          从五十页开始

begin on page 50 (美)

begin with                 以 … 开头

例: The story begins with the accidental death of a millionaire.


begin by ( 开始的方式)

例: She began by telling a joke .她以讲故事作为开头。

begin on + 着手做的对象

例: She began on the violin and later changed to the cello


cello  [‘tʃeləu]  n .   大提琴

beginning      n.  开端

from beginning to end  从头到尾

from the beginning      从最开始

= from the very beginning  very 放在名词之前表示强调的作用

in the beginning      在开始的时候

=at the beginning


on Wednesday evening             在星期三的晚上

in twenty minutes             二十分钟之后

at five to twelve              差五分钟十二点的时候

It’s two minutes past twelve !   己经十二点过两分了

at that moment  在那一刻


Special Difficulties


Is there any tea in the pot ?     茶壶里面有茶吗?

There isn’t any tea in the pot .   茶壶里没有任何茶。

not any + n.= no + n.

=There is no tea in the pot.

Is there anyone at the door ?      在门口有人吗?

There isn’t anyone at the door.   门口没有人。

=There is no one at the door.

Is there anybody at the door ?    在门口有人吗?

There isn’t anybody at the door.  门口没有人。

=There is nobody at the door.

Is there anything in the box ?     盒子里面有东西吗?

There isn’t anything in the box.  盒子里面没有任何东西。

There is nothing in the box.

Did you go anywhere yesterday?     昨天你去哪了吗?

I didn’t go anywhere yesterday.    我昨天哪都没去。

I went nowhere yesterday.

Exercise: 用两种不同的方式来对以下疑问句做出否定的问答: 

1)Have you any money ?     你有钱吗?

No. I don’t have any money.  我没有钱。

= No. I have no money

2) Did you go anywhere in the holidays ?


No. I didn’t go anywhere in the holidays.  我哪都没去。

=No. I went nowhere in the holidays.

3) Did you buy anything this morning ?


No, I didn’t buy anything this morning .


=No, I bought nothing this morning.

4) Was there anybody present when the accident happened?


No, there wasn’t anybody present when the accident happened.  事


=No, there was nobody present when the accident happened.


Exercise:   用 no 来改写的句子 :

1) He hasn’t any hobbies   他没有任何爱好

= He has no hobbies.

2) He does not go anywhere .   他哪儿都没去

= He goes nowhere.

3) He does not see anybody .   他谁也不去

= He sees nobody.

4) He is not interested in anything except food.


=He is interested in nothing except food.


四、练习   Exercises

1) How many times did the clock____ ?   钟敲了多少下 ?

  1. hit B. beat C. knock  D. strike

分析: A. 重重的一击,敲中;

  1. 连续不断地,有规律的敲打;
  2. 敲出声音,让对方听到;

D .不断地敲打;敲钟,钟鸣,报时。

2) It was fifteen minutes ____eleven .

  1. pass B. past C. passedD. pasted

分析:表示“几点过几分”时只能用 past ,作为介词表“经过”

的意思。选 B

  1. pass 动词表“经过”;
  2. passed 是 pass 的过去式;
  3. pasted 是 paste 的过去式。

3) It refused to welcome the New Year. It___ .


  1. denied it B. wanted to   C. didn’t want to    D. wished to

分析:选择 C 之后,使句子的意思同前面的句子  It refused to… 的


B .想要; D .希望; A .否认,拒绝接受。

4) Each member of the committee helped to _____. the information

contained in the report.

  1. surmount B. gather    C. consign  D. devise

分析:根据意思选 B,  A. 克服,超越; B. 收集,采集; C.  寄存,委托;

  1. 设计,发明


五、   复习  Review 

1.Key Structure:


例 : I always leave home at 8 o’clock.


I’ll be back in ten minutes.       我十分钟之后回来。

Many tourists come here in Summer.


They usually come in July .


He will return on May 5th .


The shops are open from 9 till 5.


It rained heavily during the night  .


He will not arrive until 10 o’clock .


  1. Main Points:

welcome to  …               欢迎到某地来

a warm welcome             热情的欢迎

a cold welcome           冷遇

a large crowd of people       一大群人

hour hand                 时针

minute hand              分针

second hand              秒针;二手的

on my right hand           在我的右手边

shout at sb               对某人大喊大叫

refuse sb               拒绝某人

refuse sth                拒绝某个东西

laugh                   大笑

smile                    微笑

chuckle                   吃吃的笑

giggle                 咯咯的笑

grin                     漏齿笑,呲着牙笑

guffaw                  捧腹大笑

sneer                   冷笑痴笑

laughing stock            笑柄


六、   补充内容 


a fistful of 一把

例: The child seized a fistful of nuts.


a handful of  一把;少数:   一小撮

例: Only a handful of people came to the meeting.



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