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裕兴新概念英语第一册笔记 Lesson 27

裕兴新概念英语第一册笔记 Lesson 27

裕兴新概念英语第一册笔记 Lesson 27 Mrs. Smith’s living room

此内容为裕兴新概念英语笔记,最好配合裕兴新概念英语视频教程一起使用。

新概念英语第一册Lesson 27 音频


 

语音句子重音

1. 一般来说,在句子中实义词重读,虚词不重读。名词、形容

词、数词、动词、副词、感叹词属实义词,在句子中一般需要重

读;而冠词、助动词、前置词、连接词是虚词,通常在句子中不

重读。代词在句子中有时需要重读,有时则不用重读。

— How can I help you?

— I’ve hurt my hand.

— How did it happen?

— I was opening a tin. It was hard to open and I was in

a hurry. When it was half open, the tin-opener slipped.

I cut my hand. It was terrible.

2.助动词、系动词与情态动词在句子结尾有句子重音,在句首可

有可无。

— Can you drive a car?

— Yes, I can.

— Excuse me. Is this a bank?

— Yes, it is.

New words and expressions

living room         客厅

near          prep.靠近

window           n.窗户

armchair         n.扶手椅

door             n.门

picture          n. 图画

wall             n.墙

living room  客厅

sitting room

bedroom       n.卧室

kitchen       n.厨房

dining room  n.餐厅

toilet        n.厕所

bathroom      n. 洗澡间,卫生间

study          n. 书房

balcony       n. 阳台

basement       n.地下室

near     prep. 靠近

near the school 靠近学校

  1. There are some trees near the school.

靠近学校的地方有一些树。

  1. He is near the window. 他在窗户的旁边。

window  n.窗户

shut the window

close the window

ceiling    n.天棚

on the ceiling

floor       n.地板

on the floor

armchair   n.扶手椅

sofa      n.沙发

door   n.门

answer the door

answer the phone  接听电话

door bell          门铃

door mat           门垫

picture   n.图画

as pretty as a picture: very pretty

get the picture: understand  明白

wall   n.墙

on the wall  在墙上

Walls have cars. 隔墙有耳

bang one’s head against a wall 做一些不可能的事情

 

Grammar — some/any

  1. some 表示一些,通常用于肯定句中,后面接可数名词复数或不

可数名词。

  1. There are some cigarettes in the box.

盒子里有几支香烟。

  1. There is some milk in the glass. 玻璃杯中有一些牛奶。

some 也可用在疑问句中,表示期待肯定的回答。

  1. Would you like some beer? 想喝点啤酒吗。
  2. Have you got some paper clips? 你有一些曲别针吗。

(期待肯定的回答或知道对方有)

  1. any 通常用在否定句中或疑问句中。
  2. There are not any spoons in the cupboard.

橱柜中没有勺子。

  1. There is not any water in the glass.

玻璃杯中没有水。

— Are there any cigarettes on the floor?

— No, there aren’t.

 

Text

Listen to the text carefully, Can you find the answers to

these questions?

Questions:

  1. Is Mrs. Smith’s living room large or small?
  2. Where is the television?
  3. Where are the armchairs?
  4. Where is the stereo?

Mrs. Smith’s living room is large.  史密斯太太的客厅很大。

— Is Mrs. Smith’s living room large or small?

— Mrs. Smith’s living room isn’t small.

It’s large.

Mrs. Smith’s 名词所有格

my grandmother’s glasses

否定句

  1. Mrs. Smith’s living room isn’t large.

There is a television in the room.  在房间里有台电视机。

注意不定冠词 a 的用法,这是第一次提到电视机,没有人知道

它是指的哪台电视机,总之它是泛指某一台电视机,所以用不定

冠词”a”。

The television is near the window.  电视机靠近窗户。

the television 是特指上句提到的那台电视机,因此用定冠词 the。

near the window 是介词短语,作表语。

— Where is the television?

— The television is near the window.

There are some magazines on the television.

电视机上有几本杂志。

变成疑问句:

Are there any magazines on the television?

There is a table in the room.  客厅里有一张桌子。

There are some newspapers on the table.

桌子上有一些杂志。

newspaper    报纸(合成词)

news         新闻(不可数)

paper        纸 (不可数)

newspaper    报纸(可数)

There are some armchairs in the room.

在房间里有几把扶手椅。

The armchairs are near the table.  扶手椅靠近桌子。

the armchairs 特指上句中的 some armchairs。

the 后面可接可数名词单数,复数,也可接不可数名词。

— Where are the armchairs?

— The armchairs are near the table.

There is a stereo in the room.  在客厅里有台立体声音响。

stereo    是可数名词

a stereo  表泛指

The stereo is near the door.  音响靠近门。

— Where is the stereo?

— The stereo is near the door.

There are some books on the stereo.  在立体声上有一些书。

There are some pictures in the room.  客厅里有几幅画。

The pictures are on the wall.  画挂在墙上。

the pictures 特指上句中已提到的 some pictures,因此用”the”。


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