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裕兴新概念英语笔记第一册 lessen 15

新概念英语第一册笔记 Yaenglish 7个月前 (03-15) 250次浏览 0个评论

裕兴新概念英语笔记第一册 lessen 15

以下内容是裕兴新概念英语教程学习笔记,并非教程的全部内容,所以需要配合裕兴新概念英语视频使用。

裕兴新概念英语笔记第一册 Lesson 15 Your passports, please.

 

语音

[p]     [b]    [t]    [d]    [k]    [g]

[f] [v] [ θ ] [ ð ] [s] [z][ ʃ ][ ʒ ] [h] [r]

[f]        [v]

foot       vest

life       five

fly        value

fast       vase

[ θ ]        [ ð ]

third       though

worth       this

breath     that

cloth          worthy

thank          these

[s]           [z]

face          nose

sue           zoo

loose          lose

set           zed

pass          vase

  1. Your nose is on your face.
  2. Sue is in the zoo.

[ θ ]           [s]

thank          sank

thumb          sum

path          pass

mouth          mouse

thick          sick

[ ʃ ]           [ ʒ ]

ship          pleasure

fish          measure

  1. It’s a pleasure to visit your ship.
  2. The fish is so big and let’s measure it.

[h] hill   head  hit  hat  horse   house

[r] rest   rug  rat  read  road

 

New words and expressions

customs          n.海关

officer          n.官员

girl             n.女孩

Danish           adj.& n.丹麦人

friend           n.朋友

Norwegian        adj.& n.挪威人

passport         n.护照

brown             adj.棕色的

tourist          n.旅游者

customs     n.海关

customs duty 海关关税

officer      n.官员

office    n.办公室

in the office   在办公室里

customs officer 海关关员

girl    n.女孩

  1. That girl is my daughter. three girls

boy  n.男孩

  1. The boy is her son.
  2. The two boys are her sons.

Danish   n.丹麦人(国籍);丹麦语

adj. 丹麦的

Denmark n.丹麦(国名)

  1. We are Danish.
  2. My friend is Danish.
  3. My friends are Danish.

— Is his friend Danish?

— Yes, he is.

— Are their parents Danish?

— No, they aren’t.

friend  n.朋友

  1. Are they your friends?
  2. They are not your friends.

friendly   adj.友好的

be friendly to sb 对…友好

  1. She is friendly to me. 她对我很好。

Norwegian   n.挪威人(国籍)

adj.挪威的

Norway  挪威(国名)

  1. I am from Norway.
  2. I am Norwegian.

passport  n.护照

  1. Her passport is green; mine is brown.
  2. Their passports are red.

brown     adj.棕色的

brown hair

tourist    n.旅行者

— Is she a tourist?

—Yes, she is.

No, she isn’t.

— Are they tourists?

— Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

 

Grammar– Plural Form

名词分为可数名词和不可数名词

可数名词:

office    官员    friend 朋友

passport   护照    case    箱子

umbrella   雨伞

不可数名词:

water     水       tea  茶

air       空气 coffee  咖啡  powder  粉末

可数名词分为单数形式和复数形式

单数形式:数量为一的事物

a case  an egg

复数形式:数量为一个以上的事物

a bus       buses

a friend   friends

a case     cases

单数变复数的变化规则主要有以下几种:

1)在单数名词后面加”s”

an officer    officers

a tourist     tourists

a passport    passports

2)在以”s””x”sh””ch”结尾的单数名词变复数时,需在单词后面加

“es”

a bus       buses

a dress    dresses

a box       boxes

a fox       foxes

a fish     fishes

a wish     wishes

a watch    watches

a match    matches

3)以元音字母加”y”结尾的单数名词变复数.我们在词尾加:

a boy       boys

a toy       toys

a key       keys

以辅音字母加 y 结尾的单词,需把 y 去掉再加 ies

a fly       flies

a baby     babies

a country  countries

1)以 o 结尾的单数名词变复数时有两种形式:其一是直接在词尾

加 s; 另一种是在词尾加 es.

口诀:

黑人英雄爱吃土豆西红柿 + es

Negro(es)     hero(es)

potato(es)    tomato(es)

其它则加 s

photo(s)   radio(s)

5)不规则变化

a man       men

a goose    geese

a foot     feet

a tooth    teeth

a wife     wives

(以 f 或 fe 结尾的单数名词变成复数,一般把 f 或 fe 变成 V

再加 es。)

a knife    knives

a sheep    sheep

名词复数的发音规则 清清浊浊

1)如果名词词尾的发音是一个清辅音那么词尾加的s就发[s]的音。

book       books [buks}

map        maps [m ae ps)

mouth       mouths [ mauθ s ]

以清辅音 t 结尾的单词.变复数加 s 的时候,t 与 s 共同发[ts]

cat        cats  [ kaet]

shirt       shirts [ʃə:t]

skirt       skirts [ skə:t]

2)如果名词词尾的发音是一个浊辅音或者是词尾是一个元音,那

么词尾就发[z]的音

tie        ties [taiz]

dog        dogs [ dɔɡ ]

pen        pens [penz]

doctor     doctors [ˈdɔktə]

以浊辅音 d 结尾的单词变复数的时候, d 与 s 共同发[dz]

bed        beds [bedz]

kid        kids [kidz]

food       foods [fu:dz]

3)如果名词词尾的发音是:

[s] [z] [   ʃ ] [ ʒ ] [ t ʃ ] [d ʒ ]  词尾加的 s 或 es 发[iz]

dress       dresses  [dresiz]

nose       noses  [nəuziz]

watch       watches  [wɔtʃiz]

fish       fishes  [fiʃ]

Text

A: Your passports, please,

B: Here they are.

A: Are these your cases?

B: No, they aren’t.

give sb sth

give me

  1. Give me your passports.
  2. Show me your passports.

A:Our cases are brown.

Here they are.

A:Are you tourists?

B:Yes, we are.

A:Are your friends tourists, too?

B:Yes’they are.

A:That’s fine

B:Thank you very much,

Your passports, please.

A:Are you Swedish?

B:No, we are not.

We are Danish,

A:Are your friends Danish, too?

B:No,they aren’t.

They are Norwegian.

A:Your passports, please.

B:Here they are.

A:Are these your cases?

B:No, they aren’t.

B:Our cases are brown. Here they are.

A:Are you tourists?

B:Yes,we are.

A:Are your friends tourists, too?

B:Yes,they are.

A:That’s fine.

B:Thank you very much.

 


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