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新概念英语 2 Lesson 4 An exciting trip

新概念英语 2 Lesson 4 An exciting trip

新概念英语 2 Lesson 4 An exciting trip

【New words and expressions】(6)

★exciting    adj. 令人兴奋的

exciting  adj. 令人兴奋的;excited adj. 兴奋的

-ed: 自己感到 / -ing:令人感到

The news was exciting.

exciting boy 令人兴奋的男孩I am excited.

excite  v. 激动 (这类动词的宾语一定是人,让后面的人感到……)The news excited me.

interesting   adj. 令人感到有趣的;interested    adj. 感到有意思的interesting man

interest   v. 对……感兴趣

The book interests me.  那本书让我感到很有趣

★receive    v. 接受, 收到

① vt. 接到收到,得到

② vt. 招待,接待

You need a large room if you are going to receive so many guests.

receive是“收到”,指的是一个被动的动作,主观上接受与否不清楚。receive/have a letter from sb.

accept  同意接收

This morning I received a bunch of flowers from a boy,but I didn’t accept it.

take则是主动的“拿”、“取”

I received a beautiful pen from my uncle. My brother took it from me yesterday.

take 也可以作收到

take the exam   接受考试; take advice  接受建议

★firm    n. 商行, 公司 company   n. 公司

★different    adj. 不同的

① adj. 不同的,相异的(经常与from连用)

We are planning something different this year.

我们今年有不同的打算。

My room is different from yours.

② adj. 各种各样的,不同的

This department store sells a large number of different things.这家百货商店出售许多各种各样的东西。

He has visited many different places in China.  ★abroad adv. 在国外(副词, 直接和动词连用)

go abroad   去国外/live abroad    国外定居

study abroad   国外学习

【课文讲解】

1、I have just received a letter from my brother, Tim.

同位语:一个名词(或短语等)与另一个名词(或短语)并列而作为其说明或限定成分时称为同位语。同位语与它所补充说明的成分之间用逗号隔开。在译成汉语时,同位语或者插入主句中,或者另译为一句,很少像英语中那样用逗号隔开。

This is John, one of my best friends.   这位是约翰。他是我最好的朋友之一。

Mrs. Smith, my neighbor, has never been abroad.   我的邻居史密斯夫人从来没有出过国。

2、He has been there for six months.

one month;two months注意读音 将//省略

I have arrived in Beijing.   (arrive 是瞬间动词不能和段时间连用) has been + in 地点

He has been in Beijing for one year.

3、He is working for a big firm and he has already visited a great number of different places in Australia.

work for   在……上班/任职,强调work

I am working for a school.

work in 强调地点(在哪个地方上班)

I am working in the New Oriental school.

work at  上班 She works at a department store.

a number of后面一定要加可数名词复数;通常number前有great,large,good,small,certain等形容词,数量大小也随之改变。a great number of 类似于, 约等于a lot of;

A large/great number of our students are Danish.

There are a small number of spelling mistakes in your homework.

a lot of 可加可数名词也可加不可数名词

4、He has just bought an Australian car and has gone to Alice springs, a small town in the centre of Australia.

has gone to   去了某地没回来

has been to   曾经去过某地, 现在不在那个地方

5、My brother has never been abroad before, so he is fending this trip very exciting.

before在句子后是副词, 译为“在此之前”,是现在完成时态的标志

find作“发现”、“发觉”讲时宾语往往带补足语(一般为形容词),说明宾语的状况、性质等。

find +宾语+形容词做宾补

find the room clean/find her happy

be finding在口语中经常使用

I’m finding… . . We’re finding… …

下面表示状态、感觉、情绪、精神活动的动词不可用于进行时:believe,doubt,see,hear,know,understand,belong,think,consider,feel,look,seem,show,mind,have,sound,taste,require,possess,care,like,hate,love,detest,desire

【Key structures】 

现在完成时

现在完成时表示动作现存的结果,或者过去发生的事对现在的影响。常与现在完成时连用的副词和副词短语:before (now)(以前);it’s the first time(第一次);so for(到目前为止);so far this morning(到上午为止);up to now(直到现在);up to the present(直到目前);just(刚刚);recently(最近);already(已经);lately(最近);now(现在);for 一段时间;since+时间;still(还;仍);at last(终于);finally(最终);疑问句和否定句中常用ever,yet,never,not…ever等。

I’ve planted fourteen rose bushes so far this morning.

I have lived here for several years now and I’ve made many new friends since I have lived here.

现在完成时还可和表示频度的副词连用,表示反复和习惯性动作,如often(经常),frequently(屡次),three times(三次)等。

I’ve watched him on TV several times.

【Multiple choice questions】

3  Tim is in Australia. He went ___a___ Australia six months ago.  a. to   b. in   c. at   d. into

at…  表示位置(be at是典型表示位置的介词短语)

go to…  只要有to这个感念, 它的后面一定要有宾语, go to the theater

go in…   (in 做副词)很少加宾语  He went in.

go into…  有去向的动作, 还有进入的动作  go into the room

move常用的意义是“动”、“移动”,在表达“搬家”这个意思时move可以单独使用,也可组成短语move to,move into,move in,move out。

move in:搬进来、move to the new house:正在搬

move into :搬进去了/move out  搬走

11 He will soon visit Darwin. He will visit Darwin_c_. a. quickly   b. for a short time   c. shortly       d. in a hurry

quickly   指的是动作上的快He went quickly .

for a short time   不久, 表示动作延续一段时间

soon = shortly   不久以后, 表示在这段时间之后,强调的是时间上的快

in a hurry:匆忙的(指动作)


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