1.abstract art : 抽象派艺术
艺术 · Art
A nonrepresentational style that emphasizes formal values over the representation of subject matter.
Kandinsky produced abstract art characterized by imagery that had a musical quality.
2.abstract expressionism : 抽象表现派；抽象表现主义
A nonrepresentational style that emphasizes emotion, strong color, and giving primacy to the act of painting.
Abstract expressionism was at its peak in the 1940s and 1950s.
3.action painting : 动作画派
A term used to describe aggressive methods of applying paint.
Action painting often looks childish to the non-artist because of the
techniques used to apply paint, such as throwing it on the canvas.
4.airbrush : 喷枪；气笔
A nozzled tube used to apply paint in a spray form.
The famous sexy robots in Japan are produced using an airbrush.
5.art deco ：装饰派艺术
A style dominant in the 1920s and 1930s, characterized by repetitive, ornamental, and highly finished curvilinear and geometric designs, esp. in synthetic materials such as plastics.
盛行于 20 世纪二、三十年代的装饰艺术和建筑艺术风格，以重复的、装饰精美的曲线和几何图案为特点国，多采
Mary attended high school in a building that was famous for art deco style of architecture. Mary 就读的中学以其装饰派建筑而闻名。
6.art nouveau ：新艺术
A decorative style in which fluid, biomorphic lines and swirling motifs were emphasized.
Beardsley prints produced in the late 19th century are a good example of the style of art nouveau.
7.avent-garde : 先锋派
Innovative art in advance of popular ideas and images, characterized by unorthodox and experimental method.
The avant-garde home of the famous actress sold for millions.
An emotional, dramatic style of the 16th-18th century, anticlassical in form and spirit.
流行于 16 至 18 世纪，以情感强烈、铺张浮华为特点的反古典主义的艺术风格。
Status and architecture from the Baroque have a dark, muscular, looming quality about them.
Painting on wax-treated cloth.
Susan learned about batik in college.
A design school that promoted functional and geometric elements in design.
Bauhaus school of design in Germany changed the way that the world thought about design.
（adj.） A term used to describe a style of art with strong religious content.
The Byzantine era extended from the 13th century and went into the 16th century and was characterized by art with religious influence.
拜占庭式艺术始于 13 世纪，一直延续到 16 世纪，其主要特点是浓郁的宗教气息。
Handwriting or penmanship, esp. elegant or “beautiful” writing as a decorative art.
Calligraphy has practically become a lost art in today’s computerized society.
A full-size, preliminary painting or sketch for a completed work.
Leonardo da Vinci’s cartoon of the Virgin Mary and Saint Anne hangs in the British National Gallery.
(1)The art of making objects such as pottery or clay. (2)The objects themselves.
Savannah enjoys making ceramic pottery.
A composition of found objects, newspaper, and cloth over other material on a single surface.
We used to make computer collages when I was in college by first pasting various items together and then using a video camera to transmit the image onto a computer screen.
Aesthetically pleasing, harmonious, and effective arrangement of parts to form a whole.
Matisse used color and shapes and worked back and forth until he felt he had achieved a balanced composition.
17.computer art 计算机艺术
Electronically produced images displayed on video screen.
Computer art become popular in the 1980s when computers started to become more available to the public.
当 80 年代个人电脑开始普及之后，计算机艺术也流行起来。
A style of art that departs from traditional reality, and emphasizes multifaceted, simultaneous views of subject and distorted perspectives.(early 20th century)
Pablo Picasso played a principal role in the early movement of cubism.
A style (1915-1925) with antirational approach and nihilistic, absurdist, and incongruous themes.
流行于 1915 年至 1925 年间的艺术流派，其特点是反理性的创作手法和虚无、荒诞。矛盾的主题。 Dadaism asked “what is art?” and used humor and shock value as communicative elements. 达达主义设问“什么是艺术？”并用幽默和让人震惊的色彩对比手法作答。
A picture, design, or sketch done with lines in pen or pencil.
The drawings of Michelangelo were recently exhibited in New York.
An early 20th-century style emphasizing emotional expression, strong color and composition, and a distorted, theatrical treatment of image.
Professor Bryer will be giving a lecture on expressionism tonight.
A technique of painting directly on a wet, plaster surface.
We all marveled at the beauty of the 17th century fresco.
23.funk art ：非理性艺术；恶臭艺术
A combination of painting and sculpture, deliberately messing and rough, often humorously depicting provocative subjects.(U.S., mid-20th century)
Jeson has been collecting funk art since the mid 1960s.
杰森从 20 世纪 60 年代中期就开始收集非理性艺术作品。
A style glorifying modern technology, speed, and the machine age. ( Italy, early 20th century )
颂扬现代技术、速度和机器时代的创作风格。起源于 20 世纪初的意大利。
Art from the era of futurism can be identified by a combination of machine elements, cubism, and motion.
A realistic depiction of scenes from everyday domestic life.
Who is your favorite genre painter?
A style that emphasizes Christian imagery, brilliant color, and strong verticality in composition. ( 12th – 16th century )
以基督教题材、亮丽的色彩、明显的垂直线条为特点的绘画风格。流行于 12 至 16 世纪。 Jean dislikes Gothic art because it feels too religious. 吉不喜欢哥特风格的作品，因为它们的宗教色彩太浓。
An opaque watercolor bound with gum.
Do you like the quality of gouache in paintings?
- graphic arts ：平面造型艺术
Those visual arts that are linear in character, such as drawing and engraving, esp. those that involve printing and printmaking.
The computer is now enabling anyone to produce and design and experiment with graphic art.
(adj.) A style characterized by geometric abstraction, a flat picture plan, perfection of a surface, and graphic precision.
（U.S., mid-20th century）
流行于 20 世纪中期的美国，以轮廓分明的几何形体、精确的画面为特点的抽象绘画。
Patrick Nagel’s hard-edge style of 80’s women became one of the strongest images in the 20th century.
派特克·纳哥尔的锋刃派风格的 80 年代妇女成了 20 世纪最具说明力的形象之一。
30.history painting ：历史题材的绘画
An academic depiction of scenes from mythology, history, or the Bible.
Temple Square in Salt Lake City has a visitor center filled with history paintings.
An extension of photorealism in which depiction of subject is indistinguishable from reality. (late 20th century)
The interesting aspect of hyperrealism is that it challenges the viewer to try to decide what is real and what isn’t.
A style emphasizing the depiction of light and its effects, with the act of seeing as its primary subject. (France 19th century
Impressionism has long been one of the most popular art movements. Van Gogh’s impressionistic painting entitled “Dr. Gachet” was purchased for a world record $ 85 million by a Japanese investor.
A Japanese vertical scroll painting.
Debbie purchased several kakemono scrolls during her year as an exchange student in Japan.
34.kinetic art ：活动艺术
Art characterized by the incorporation of painted and sculpted mechanical parts into an art piece that moves or creates the impression of movement.
兴起于 20 世纪中期的一种与机械学相结合的艺术，采用活动部件，造成动感效果的雕塑艺术。
Kinetic art can be seen in front of many office buildings built during the 50’s and 60’s.
A depiction of natural land forms, sometimes allegorical.
Paula travels to New Mexico each summer to paint western landscapes.
A liquid in which pigment is mixed to form paint; a type of paint of coloring matter used in painting.
It’s sometimes fun to look at a painting and try to figure out what medium the artist used.
(adj)Characteristic of a highly academic classicism, esp. in porcelains. (China, 14th –17th centuries)
高度传统古典主义倾向的，特别是指与 14 至 17 世纪中国明代瓷器有关的艺术。
Dr. Franks is an expert on porcelains from the Ming dynasty.
37.minimal art ：极简抽象艺术；最小主义艺术
An abstract, simple, reductionist style with absence of all but basic formal elements and primary colors. (U.S. mid-20th century)
美国 20 世纪中期兴起的一种艺术流派，其特点是抽象、简单、微缩，即把作品简略到基本抽象成分。
Minimalism is characterized by space with very sparse design elements and helped launch the popular art slogan of “less is more.”
A style that breaks with traditional art forms and searches for new modes of expression.
Modernism became popular in the early part of the 20th century.
现代主义在 20 世纪初开始流行起来。
An illustration composed of small, colored stones or tiles set into cement.
The new mall in town features a giant mosaic over the main entrance way.
A large-scale painting, usually on a wall or ceiling.
The McMullen’s have a giant mural painting along the hallway in their home.
A style modeled after proportion and restraint of Greek and Roman classical antiquity. (late 18th, early 19th century.)
模仿和借鉴古希腊罗马匀称、庄重建筑风格的艺术形式，盛行于 18 世纪末，19 世纪初。
We knew that Mr. Samuels was into neoclassicism by the way that he had his courtyard decorated with nude statues.
42.new wave ：新浪潮
A combination of cartoon, graffiti, and performance art in a minimalist, unsophisticated style (late 20th century.)
There’s a new wave art show currently on exhibit up at the local college gallery.
The undraped human figure, sometimes allegorical.
The nude has always played a powerful role in art throughout the ages.
44.oil paint ：油画颜料；油漆
Pigment mixed with drying oil, exp. linseed oil.
You can buy a beginner’s set of oil paints for under $ 20.
花不到 20 元，你就可以买到初学者所用的一套油画颜料。
45.op art ：光效应艺术，视觉艺术
A style with graphic abstraction and pattern-oriented optical effects (mid-20th century)
利用几何图形和色彩对比给人以模棱两可的视幻觉艺术，起源于 20 世纪中期。
Riley and Vasarely are two noteable artists who made contributions in the illusory world of op art.
46.performance art ：戏剧表演艺术
Use of paintings, sculpture, and video in live theatrical performance by the artist. (late 20th century)
现场戏剧表演中艺术家掺入绘画、雕塑和摄像等形式的综合艺术。兴起于 20 世纪末。 We watched a program that featured performance art on TV last night. 昨晚有一个电视节目介绍了表现派艺术。
A crayon made of color ground with chalk and compounded with gum water into paste, often of pale color.
Degas is probably my favorite pastel artist.
A system of realistically depicting three-dimensional objects or views onto two-dimensional, flat surfaces through convergent lines and planes.
Perspective illustration provides a three-dimensional view of objects or views.
A picture symbolizing an idea or object, used as an early form of writing.
Three men were arrested for vandalizing ancient pictographs found I the canyons of southern Utah.
Neo-impressionism characterized by the use of tiny, closely spaced dots or points of color that blend to produce a luminous quality.
The painting “Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte” by Seurat is probably the most famous work of pointillism.
51.pop art ：波普艺术
A style-making use of images from popular culture and commerce, often reproduced exactly. (mid-20th century)
把精确复制大众文化和商业中的形象作为一种艺术创作。起源于 20 世纪中期。
Roy Litchenstein, who helped start the movement in the 1950s, continues to rule the king of pop art into the 90s.
早在 50 年代，罗耶·列克敦斯坦就参与发起波普艺术运动，直到 90 年代他依然是波普艺术的顶尖人物。
A style with an unsophisticated, pretechnological, simple approach to form and content.
The famous series of “cut-outs” by Henri Matisse are a good example of primitivism.
Art that depicts reality as it appears.
I am in awe when I view realism such as the landscapes painted by 17th century Dutch artist Jan Vemeeer.
欣赏着 17 世纪荷兰画家杨·弗美尔的风景画，我被其中的现实主义风格所震撼。
(adj.)Art that is classical in form and content. (n.) revival of aesthetics of classical antiquity. (14th – 17th century) 艺术作品的形式和内容具有古典主义色彩的；从 14 世纪延续到 17 世纪的经典传统美学的复兴。 Renaissance art is still appreciated by artists of today.
Much of the greatest art in the history of the world was produced during the Renaissance.
A style with ornamental, poetic, curvilinear forms and lyrical themes.
Mrs. Mead is looking for a chair in rococo style.
The art of carving wood, chiseling stone, casting or welding metal, molding clay or wax, etc. into three-dimensional representations, as statues, figures, forms, etc.
Mr. Rushmore which depicts images of 4 U.S. presidents in the Black Hills, South Dakota, is one of the most famous sculptures in America.
A depiction of an artist’s own face
Artist’s self-portraits are usually very sought-after works of art.
58.still lift ：静物画
A realistic depiction of inanimate objects, esp. flowers, fruit, or domestic items.
Cezanne is known for his unique still life paintings of apples.
A style using subconscious mental activity as its subject matter, characterized by dreamlike, hallucinatory imagery.
The artist Salvador Dali is synonymous with surrealism.
A 19th century French movement that rejected realism and expressed subjective visions through evocative images.
产生于 19 世纪的法国艺术运动。它摒弃现实主义手法，通过使人产生联想的意像表达主观感受。
Great art most always incorporates symbolism.
61.video art ：视频艺术
The use of filmed or videotaped material display alone or with other media.( late 20th century) 通过创造性地利用视频技术产生可以在电视屏幕上观看的一种艺术形式，产生于 20 世纪末。 Video art has become a popular medium in today’s art, especially in collages.
A paint which is mixed with water and used to create pictures; A picture which has been done with this type of paint.
My uncle did a beautiful watercolor of a sunset while in Mexico. 我的叔叔在墨西哥时画了一幅漂亮的日落水彩画。
A record of financial transactions kept in a ledger.
A bank account
A customer or client
Let’s check the account again.
How much is left in our bank account.
This firm is our best account.
A system and process of gathering and recording financial information that provides a continuous balance between assets and liabilities.
You need to discuss that matter with the accounting department.
An addition to capital investments or stock from profits.
What kink of accumulation are you getting on the ABC stock?
你有 ABC 公司的股份有什么资本增益？
The condition of substantial wealth and economic power.
Luxury cars are targeted towards the affluent segment of a population.
A business that contracts to work with another business.
The ABC office supply company is one of our many affiliates. ABC 办公用品公司是我们众多分公司的其中之一。
A list of things to be done.
Could you please fax me a copy of tomorrow’s agenda?
The production and marketing of corps by large corporations as opposed to individual farms.
John was forced into bankruptcy when he lost millions of dollars he had invested in a poor agribusiness venture.
70.air-pocket stock ：气穴股票 Stock that falls sharply on bad news. 一有坏消息便急剧下跌的股票。
Company stock sometimes turns into air-pocket stock upon the news of the company’s CEO’s serious illness or death.
71.annual report ：年度报告
A financial report produced by the management of a corporation for shareholders the end of fiscal year.
A possession that can be turned into cash to cover liabilities
We were forced to liquidate some of our assets to pay our debts.
The replacement of human laborers with computers and self-regulating machines
Automation in factories will continue to eliminate more and more jobs into the 21st century.
到 21 世纪，工厂的自动化将继续削减更多的就业机会。
74.balanced budget ：平衡预算
Spending that is equal to revenue, esp. in government.
The inability to pay one’s debts; legal insolvency
Many private companies are forced to declare bankruptcy when they begin to lose business to their competitors.
76.big business ：大公司
A term used to describe large corporations, as opposed to small individually or family-owned business.
Darren wants to get into big business some day.
77.Black Monday ：黑色星期一
October 19, 1987, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell a record 508 points in trading on the New York Stock
1987 年 10 月 19 日，纽约股票交易所道·琼斯工业股票平均指数狂跌创纪录的 508 点。
78.blue chip stock ：热门股票，绩优股，蓝筹股
A term used to describe high-quality stocks of financially sound corporations
Mr. Jeppson has a portfolio of nothing but blue chip stocks.
A security issued by a corporation or public body and carrying a fixed rate of interest
What’s the interest rate on these bonds?
A period of great economic activity and business expansion
The soft drink business always booms in the summertime.
81.boondoggle ：无效的投资 A wasteful business venture 不见回报的经营投机
Our investment in water softeners was a boondoggle.
82.bottom line ：最终结果
The final result or ultimate objective
What’s the bottom line of your proposal?
The refusal to purchase the products of an individual, corporation, or nation as a way to bring social and political pressure for change.
Americans boycotted tuna several years ago until tuna companies guaranteed that they weren’t catching dolphins in their tuna nets.
A plan of expenditures based on anticipated revenues.
How much do we have left in our budget?
85.business cycle ：景气周期
Periodic rise and fall in economic activity
U.S. retailers see the same basic business cycle every year and typically do most of their business during the Christmas season.
An informal term referring to a financial or economic collapse
The economy is currently in a bust.
87.buying power ：购买力 Purchasing power 购买商品的能力。
The buying power of the dollar has steadily declined during the last twenty-five years.
在过去的 25 年里，美元的购买力持续下降。
Money, assets, or property used as a means of production or for investment
Some futurists claim that human capital is a company’s greatest asset.
An economic system based on private ownership and profit incentive
People in some countries don’t really understand the system of capitalism.
90.cash cow ：摇钱树
An informal term for a business with a dependable source of income
This product has always been a cash cow for our company.
91.cash flow ：现金流通
Fluctuations in a company’s cash position
Our company is currently having a cash flow problem.
An acronym for “chief executive officer”. The highest executive officer of a company. “chief executive officer”的缩略词。指公司的最高行政长官。
Advertisers are using CEO’s more frequently in their company’s commercials because studies show that people trust and admire leaders.
93.Chapter 11 ：破产条款
A bankruptcy code section that applies to a corporation going out of business which may require restructuring.
Rumors are spreading that one of the big movie companies is filing a chapter 11.
The practice and spirit of business in which the making of profits is emphasized.
Many American dislike the commercialism that is associated with Christmas.
The rivalry between similar businesses for customers or clients.
Competition in business is good because it generally results in better quality and lower prices for consumers.
A corporation made up several companies that produce large quantities of output in a variety of industries.
Proctor & Gamble is a large personal product conglomerate.
97.consumerism ：（1）消费；（2）消费者权益运动 The consumption of goods and service. 商品和服务的耗费
Inflation always hurts consumerism.
The protection of consumers form poor products or misleading claims.
The U.S. Food and Drug administration tries to regulate consumerism.
98.consumer price index ：消费品价格指数
A measure of the fluctuation in prices of common consumer goods and services over a fixed time period.
The consumer price index is a good reference tool to use in order to learn how much the price of a specific item has changed over the last several years.
99.corporate ladder ：公司的官阶
A series of steps in the organizational hierarchy of a company.
Climbing the corporate ladder is not as popular as it used to be.
100.corporate raider ：强行收购
A person, company, etc. that attempts to take over another company, exp. by buying up the stock of the target company.